Kandy Essay

About Kandy Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka Kandy proud heritage and splendid lakeside setting has long made it a favorite haunt for Sri Lanka travelers. This bustling hill-country capital is the natural gateway to a lush central region of tea plantations, gurgling streams and stirring Sri Lanka Kandy history.

Sri Lanka Kandy was made a world heritage site in 1988. It lies on a plain surrounded by towering hills, with evocative names such as Bible Rock, Camel Hill and Balloon Rock in Sri Lanka Kandy. It is never busier than during the annual Perahera in Sri Lanka Kandy, a fortnight’s festival in late July and August, when the town is enlivened by parading elephants, acrobats, drummers and dancers in Sri Lanka Kandy. This is one of the finest festivals in Asia and hotel space is limited months in advance.

The pink-painted Temple of the Tooth houses Sri Lanka’s in Sri Lanka Kandy most sacred religious relic – the tooth of the Buddha, hidden beneath six caskets of diminishing size – and it attracts a steady stream of visitors throughout the year. The national museum lies alongside in Sri Lanka Kandy.

The lake itself, built in 1807, forms an attractive centerpiece to the town; the island in the middle was used by the last Kandyan king as his personal harem.
Sri Lanka Kandy

Peradiniya botanical gardens, 6km outside the town, and bounded on three sides by the Mahaweli River, are the largest in Sri Lanka Kandy and before colonial times were used as Royal pleasure gardens. Udawattakelle Sanctuary in Sri Lanka Kandy, a forest reserve on the northern outskirts, and the Royal Palace Park are other areas where you can take a relaxing stroll, away from the bustle of the town.

Golfers should not miss the opportunity to sample Victoria Golf Club, Sri Lanka Kandy which for its sweeping vistas alone deserves its fast-won reputation as one of the finest courses in Asia.

About an hour from Sri Lanka Kandy, on the Colombo road at Kegalle, lies the ever-popular Pinnewela elephant orphanage. This government-run centre was set up to save abandoned young elephants and train them to become working animals. The daily feeding and washing rituals offer a popular tourist attraction.

The Sri Lanka Kandy “Kandyan” kingdom withstood European invasion for more than two centuries and still proudly regards itself as the bastion of Buddhist philosophy. The Sri Lanka Kandy town is easily explored by foot, with the climate a little cooler and less humid than in the capital, Colombo.

History of Sri Lanka Kandy

Sri Lanka Kandy Historical records suggest that Kandy was first established by the King Wickramabahu (1357-1374 CE) near the Watapuluwa area, north of the present Sri Lanka Kandy city, and named Senkadagalapura at the time, although some scholars suggest the name Katubulu Nuwara may also have been used to Sri Lanka Kandy. The origin of the more popular name for the Sri Lanka Kandy city, Senkadagala, could have been from a number of sources. These include naming after a brahmin named Senkanda who lived in a cave near the city, after a queen of King Wickramabahu named Senkanda or after a colored stone named Senkadagala.

In 1592 Sri Lanka Kandy became the capital city of the last remaining independent kingdom in Sri Lanka Kandy after the coastal regions had been conquered by the Portuguese. Invasions by the Portuguese and the Dutch (16th, 17th and 18th century) and also by the British (most notably in 1803) were repelled. The last ruling dynasty of Kandy were the Nayaks of Sri Lanka Kandy. Sri Lanka Kandy preserved its independence until it finally fell to the British in 1815. The British deposed the king, Sri Vikrama Rajasinha is the last king of Sri Lanka Kandy, and all claimants to the throne, thus ending the last traditional monarchy of Sri Lanka Kandy, and replaced it with their monarchy.

View of the lake from Rajapihilla Mawatha, Sri Lanka Kandy on the right the golden roof of the Temple of the Tooth, top left a Toque Macaque
Sri Lanka Kandy

Sri Lanka Kandy, the Historic and Romantic hill capital of Sri Lanka Kandy is situated 115 kilometers inland from Colombo. Sri Lanka Kandy The road to Kandy is enchanting and exciting revealing the full glory- of the tropics. Sri Lanka Kandy Everything is in the most effulgent luxuriance, Sri Lanka Kandy throbbing with silver and green.

Sri Lanka Kandy The roads run round in sharp Sri Lanka Kandy curves and looking down are the deep valleys, abysses, rocks, Sri Lanka Kandy waterfalls and streams glittering in the sun and patterned in emerald with terraced rice fields. Sri Lanka Kandy On the other side, the Sri Lanka Kandy mountains rise majestically against the blue sky. Sri Lanka Kandy Whether one looks up or down, Sri Lanka Kandy a sight of beauty, Sri Lanka Kandy glorious beyond the power of words to express. The city of Kandy, Sri Lanka Kandy lies in a triangular valley surrounded by mountains.

Sri Lanka Kandy Green velvet tea plantations covering the hills, cascading waterfalls and the river Mahaweli, the Sri Lanka Kandy longest river Sri Lanka Kandy in the country, Sri Lanka Kandy appear in most dramatic forms in different parts of the city and its vicinity Sri Lanka Kandy .

Sri Lanka Kandy The centerpiece of the city is the artificial lake four kilometers in circumference and surrounded by a balustrade of gray stone. Sri Lanka Kandy The rich flowering trees around the lake, the mountains and the Sri Lanka Kandy blue sky are reflected in crystal form in the waters of the lake.

As the capital, Sri Lanka Kandy had become home to the relic of the tooth of the Buddha which symbolises a 4th-century tradition that used to be linked to royalty since the protector of the relic was seen fit to rule the land. Thus, the Royal Palace and the Temple of Sri Lanka Kandy were associated with the administrative and religious functions of the capital Sri Lanka Kandy city.

Even after its conquest by the British, Sri Lanka Kandy has preserved its function as the religious capital of the Sinhalese and a place of pilgrimage for Buddhists, namely those belonging to the Theravada school Sri Lanka Kandy.

Portuguese invasions in Sri Lanka Kandy in the 16th century and 17th century were entirely unsuccessful. The Sri Lanka Kandy kingdom tolerated a Dutch presence on the coast until 1761, when Kirti Sri attacked and overran most of the coast, leaving only the heavily fortified Negombo intact. When a Dutch retaliatory force returned to the island Sri Lanka Kandy in 1763, Sri abandoned the coastline and withdrew into the interior. When the Dutch continued to the jungles the next year, they were constantly harassed by disease, heat, lack of provisions, and Sri Lanka Kandy “Kandyan” sharpshooters, who hid in the jungle and inflicted heavy losses on the Dutch.

The Dutch launched a better adapted force in January of 1765, replacing their troops’ bayonets with machetes and using more practical uniforms and tactics suited to speedy movement. They were initially successful, capturing the capital, but they took a deserted city, and the Sri Lanka Kandy Kandyans withdrew to the jungles once more, refusing to engage in open battle. The Dutch, worn down by constant attrition, came to terms in 1766.

Sri Lanka Kandy, the last royal capital of Sri Lanka is a major tourist destination. ( 115kM from Colombo at 465 meters above sea level). Sri Lanka Kandy Famous for the Temple of the Tooth and many other temples the city could be called the Sri Lanka Kandy cultural capital of the island.

Sri Lanka Kandy, Kandy Perahera, the pageant of the temple of tooth where Buddha’s tooth is kept is held either in July or August each year to parade the golden caskets Sri Lanka Kandy is a must see itenary if one is visiting Sri Lanka during these months. Sri Lanka Kandy The final night procession is the most spectacular event of the country. More than 50 elephants parade the city accompanied by the drummers, dancers and chieftains.

Sri Lanka Kandy city established in the 15th century was the last royal Sri Lanka Kandy capital where 2500 years of royal rule ended. Sri Lanka Kandy This bustling market town is Sri Lanka Kandy rich in cultural diversity has plenty of iteneries to offer to the tourists

Sri Lanka Kandy from songs dances and handy crafts to Sri Lanka Kandy ancient temples Sri Lanka Kandy and adventure activities. Kandy is a good transit point to the cultural triangle to the north or hill country to the south. Sri Lanka Kandy The city is also a good source of souvenirs or to experience many cultural performances at it’s various hotels in the city. Download Sri Lanka Kandy PDF

 

Kandy, the last royal capital of Sri Lanka is a major tourist destination. ( 115kM from Colombo at 465 meters above sea level). Famous for the Temple of the Tooth and many other temples the city could be called the cultural capital of the island.

Kandy Perahera, the pageant of the temple of tooth where Buddha’s tooth is kept is held either in July or August each year to parade the golden caskets is a must see itenary if one is visiting Sri Lanka during these months. The final night procession is the most spectacular event of the country. More than 50 elephants parade the city accompanied by the drummers, dancers and chieftains.

he city established in the 15th century was the last royal capital where 2500 years of royal rule ended. This bustling market town is rich in cultural diversity has plenty of iteneries to offer to the tourists from songs dances and handy crafts to ancient temples and adventure activities. Kandy is a good transit point to the cultural triangle to the north or hill country to the south. The city is also a good source of souvenirs or to experience many cultural performances at it’s various hotels in the city.

Lying 115 km from Colombo, Kandy is Sri Lanka’s second biggest city and the capital of the central province. The busy town is situated in a valley at an elevation of 600m, inside a wide loop of the Mahaweli River and is surrounded by hills covered with tropical vegetation. Home to the Sri Dalada Maligawa – the beautiful temple that houses the tooth relic of Lord Buddha – Kandy is also a popular stop during July/August when the annual Esala Perehera (holy festival) takes to the streets of the city. The cool climate of the hills is a relief after the cloying heat of the lowlands, and the lovely Kandy Lake and the drives around it are set amidst great scenic beauty.

Kandy was a royal capital and the last stronghold of the Kandyan kings against foreign power, holding out against them for about 300 years. The two main Buddhist Chapters are based here and formed the last centre of independent Buddhist thought during colonial times. Much of the town’s charm lies in the higgledy-piggledy arrangement of its small shops. Many of the buildings are colonial and some are even older. Many of Sri Lanka’s arts and crafts flourish here, particularly the silver and brass crafts as well as jewellery in traditional designs. This market town is also the economic focus of the surrounding tea-producing central highlands.

Steeped in tradition and history, Kandy plays host to many thousands who come to pay homage to the Sacred Tooth Relic, as it is taken in procession around the city, in a magnificent golden casket placed on the broad back of the Temple Tusker. The procession comprises over 100 caparisoned elephants, thousands of dancers, drummers, torchbearers and whip crackers. This magnificent, centuries-old procession is probably one of the oldest and most spectacular pageants in Asia.

The centrepiece of the town, Kandy Lake, is artificial and was created in 1807 by Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe, last ruler of the Kingdom of Kandy. You will also see the little island in the middle of the lake, as you walk around. It used to be the King’s harem, but the more uninspired British maintained it as an ammunition depot. There are many walks you can take, such as up to the Royal Palace Park, and the Udawattakelle sanctuary. Sri Lanka’s largest Botanical Gardens (covering 60 hectares) is 6kms away and is open daily.

The Temple of the Tooth dates back to 1687, and is said to contain the Tooth Relic of the Buddha, which was smuggled into Sri Lanka in the 4th century BC, after the Buddha’s deth. An imposing pink structure, it also houses a highly valued collection of Ola (palm) leaf manuscripts, and is open daily from 6am – 4pm.among the many historic sites worth visiting, are the Malwatte and Asgiriya Viharas (temples), the Embekke Devale, and the Lankatilake and Gadaldeniya temples.

Thousands come here today to watch cricket at the International stadium, and The Victoria Golf and Country Resort is a 40-minute drive from Kandy. The town has everything from banks to cyber cafes, to excellent libraries and bars and restaurants. Locals can even point you in the direction of meditation centers. Accommodation ranges from luxury hotels to middle range guesthouses, to budget lodgings. The regular bus and train services of this extremely central town will connect you to almost anywhere in the island.

The Temple of Tooth
The main attraction of the city and also the most sacred Buddhist establishment in Sri Lanka is where one of Buddha’s tooth is being kept. Built in the 16th century but improvements and additions have been done to this structure until the fall of the Kandy kingdom. A golden canopy was added recently. Daily rituals are being carried out at various offering times to the shrine. A dress code applies for entering the temple. The magnificence has been enhanced by the octagonal pavilion.

Hindu Shrines
Adjacent to the Temple of the tooth are three of the four major Hindu shrines taking part in the Kandy Perahera. Shrines are dedicated to Gods Vishnu and Natha and Goddess Patthini. The forth shrine is further towards the town. Visitors to these shrines could witness the Hindu religion customs though most of the worshipers today are Buddhists. Hindu shrines taking part in the Buddhist pageant is a good example of the Sinhala and Tamil co-existence that lasted for centuries. Four of the last Sri Lankan kings were of south Indian origin.

Other Temples
Kandy is surrounded with many major Buddhist temples. On the shores of the lake are Malwaththa and Asgiri temples. Fine painted murals of Buddhist stories in these temple buildings are a good example of the arts in the Kandy period while paintings of the Hindagala temple at Peradeniya are of the 7th century.

The Old Royal Palace compound
Old place buildings are just beside the temple of the tooth. Among them are the old royal palace, quarters of the royal concubines; queen’s chambers the council chambers and the armoury. Some of these are now being used as museums depicting the exhibits of the Kandyan era. The council chambers built in 1784 is a unique example of wooden architecture of the Kandyan period. The Kandyan Convention was signed here ceding the country to the British in 1815.

Lankatilaka Temple
Lankatilake temple is a magnificent building built on rock at a scenic location which also has fine paintings.

Gadaladeniya Temple
This 14 century temple is situated about 15Km from the town. The structure of the temple is influenced by the South Indian architecture and built on a rock. The stupa is on a high stone platform.

The Royal Botanical Gardens
Once a pleasure gardens of a Kandyan Queen this 40ha land is a beautiful park with numerous tropical foliage and the best in the island. The Commander of the allied forces in Southeast Asia Earl Mountbatten had the headquarters in the garden during the Second World War.

Embekke Temples
The main attraction is the intricate wooden carvings of this 14th century shrine dedicated to God Kataragama. There is also a Buddhist temple on location. Almost the entire structures of some wooden buildings are decorated with dancers, musicians, wrestlers, legendary beasts and birds. Nearby are the ruins of an ancient rest house with similar pillars carved in stone.

Arts and Crafts
Kandy is synonymous with arts and crafts of Sri Lanka than anywhere else in the country. It is probably because the Kandy is where all elite who patronised these crafts survived during 300 years of war with the Europeans. Kandy is probably the best place to buy most of the handicrafts produced in Sri Lanka because there are number of shops catering to the tourists. Tourists could watch local crafts coming into life at the At the Kandyan Art Association.

At Kundasale, about 4km from Kandy, a village has been established recently to settle local craftsmen and their families. Visitors could watch craftmen at work and purchase their products on site.

:: Related links ::
http://www.kandycity.org
http://www.sridaladamaligawa.lk

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