Listening and Critical Thinking
a. Adults listen 50% or less
b. Teenagers listen 25% or less
c. Listening is a voluntary active process, it is psychological
d. Hearing is physiological
e. You can learn to listen
f. Studies show that those who practice listening skills are less likely to develop memory loss in any form
g. Studies show that those who practice listening skills get better grades, higher pay and achieve their goals more often than those who do not.
h. Critical thinking requires active listening
i. Critical thinking involves being able to access the strengths and weaknesses of an argument
j. Critical thinking involves being able to distinguish between the fact, theory and opinions of an argument
k. Critical thinking allows for thinking outside of the box
l. Critical thinking allows for compromise and growth
m. Critical thinking involves being able to judge the credibility of sources
n. Critical thinking requires accessing the quality of evidence
o. Critical thinking involves discerning relationships between ideas
p. Critical thinking involves priorities on what to remember and in what context
q. Critical thinking allows for fewer mistakes and reduces trial and error in everyday life
r. Critical thinking DOES NOT MEAN NEGATIVE THINKING!
s. Critical thinking is a normal process that requires practice and reinforcement
t. Critical thinking is an active process
u. Critical thinking requires and open mind and the ability to consider and
understand all sides in an issue.
v. Critical thinking means replacing name calling and slogans with reason,
compromise and the ability to persuade instead of attack.
People generally assume that their verbal reasoning skills are relatively sharp because they engage in conversations and engage in at least some light reading regularly. The differentiation between someone with poor verbal reasoning skills and someone with excellent verbal reasoning skills lies in one's ability to read or listen critically and to pick out pertinent information. Pertinent information can include known facts, specific opinions, statistics, sources, fallacies, and the like.
Tests for verbal reasoning skills, especially those on standardized tests, usually take the same form. A written passage is given which you are to assume to be true, regardless of knowledge you may have to the contrary. At the end of the written passage is a series of questions which you are to determine to be true based upon the information given, false based on the information given, or impossible to determine based upon the information given.
Such tests determine one's ability to understand the written passage, to differentiate facts from assumptions, and to think logically. Verbal reasoning tests are often given in tandem with non-verbal reasoning tests which utilize shapes, pictures, numbers, and/or sounds to determine one's reasoning abilities apart from language. Neither type of test determines how smart a person is--only how well he or she utilizes logic.
The Critical Thinking Co. has developed verbal and non-verbal reasoning programs to help the development of logical thought processes in students of all ages. Logic and reasoning represent a higher order of thinking that leads to greater comprehension of learned materials because it is neither random nor short-term. Greater comprehension leads to higher test scores and better grades and The Critical Thinking Co. guarantees it.