For the Canadian composer, see Bruce Carlson (composer).
Bruce Allen Carlson (born October 3, 1949), was the 16th Director of the National Reconnaissance Office. He is a former four-star general in the United States Air Force and served as the sixth Commander, Air Force Materiel Command, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. The command conducts research, development, test and evaluation, and provides acquisition management services and logistics support necessary to keep Air Force weapon systems ready for war. After over 37 years of service, he retired from the Air Force on January 1, 2009. Carlson served as a general authority and a member of the Second Quorum of the Seventy of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) from April 2009 to October 2015.
Carlson was born in Hibbing, Minnesota in 1949. He was commissioned in 1971 after completing the University of Minnesota Duluth's Air Force ROTC program as a distinguished graduate. He has held various assignments in flying units. Staff assignments have included positions at Tactical Air Command, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, the offices of the Secretary of the Air Force and Secretary of Defense, and as the Director of Force Structure, Resources and Assessment with the Joint Staff. Additionally, he commanded the Air Force's 49th Fighter Wing at Holloman AFB, New Mexico Prior to assuming his current position, Carlson served as the Commander, 8th Air Force, Barksdale AFB, Louisiana, and Joint Functional Component Commander for Space and Global Strike, U.S. Strategic Command, Offutt AFB, Nebraska
Carlson is experienced in multiple aircraft weapons systems, is a command pilot with more than 3,000 flying hours, and has combat experience in the OV-10.
In April 2009, Carlson was called as a general authority and a member of the LDS Church's Second Quorum of the Seventy.
In June 2009, he was appointed by President Barack Obama as Director of the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office, an agency that operates the nation's reconnaissance satellites.
On April 18, 2012, Carlson announced his resignation as director of the NRO, effective July 20, 2012.
LDS Church service
Prior to his call as a general authority in April 2009, Carlson served in the church as an elders quorum president, young men president, bishop, high councilor, and an adviser to the church’s Military Advisory Committee.
Carlson served as one of two area supervisors of the church's Middle East/Africa North Area from 2012 to 2015. Carlson also served as an Assistant Executive Director of the church's Temple Department. During the church's October 2015 general conference, Carlson was released from the seventy and designated an emeritus general authority.
- 1971 Bachelor of Arts degree, University of Minnesota Duluth
- 1979 U.S. Air Force Fighter Weapons School, Nellis AFB, Nevada
- 1980 Master of Arts degree, Webster University, St. Louis, Missouri
- 1989 Distinguished graduate, Master of Arts degree, Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island
- June 1971 - May 1972, student, undergraduate pilot training, Vance AFB, Oklahoma
- June 1972 - April 1973, student, F-4 Replacement Training Unit, Homestead AFB, Florida
- May 1973 - December 1974, F-4 pilot, 417th Tactical Fighter Squadron, Holloman AFB, New Mexico
- December 1974 - October 1975, OV-10 forward air controller and instructor pilot, 23rd Tactical Air Support Squadron, Nakhon Phanom Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand
- October 1975 - November 1977, OV-10 instructor pilot and flight examiner, 23rd Tactical Air Support Squadron, Bergstrom AFB, Texas
- December 1977 - April 1980, A-10 pilot and fighter weapons instructor pilot, 355th Tactical Fighter Squadron, Myrtle Beach AFB, South Carolina
- May 1980 - September 1982, aide to the Commander, Headquarters Tactical Air Command, Langley AFB, Virginia
- October 1982 - June 1985, wing weapons officer, 363rd Tactical Fighter Wing, and operations officer, 17th Tactical Fighter Squadron, Shaw AFB, South Carolina
- July 1985 - June 1988, tactical systems requirements officer, Office of Low Observables Technology, Office of the Secretary of the Air Force, Washington, D.C.
- July 1988 - June 1989, graduate student, Naval War College, Newport, R.I.
- July 1989 - June 1991, Director of Advanced Programs, Headquarters TAC, Langley AFB, Virginia
- July 1991 - June 1993, Vice Commander, 366th Wing, Mountain Home AFB, Idaho
- July 1993 - February 1995, senior military assistant to the Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition, and senior military assistant to the Deputy Secretary of Defense, Office of the Secretary of Defense, Washington, D.C.
- February 1995 - November 1996, Commander, 49th Fighter Wing, Holloman AFB, New Mexico
- November 1996 - June 1998, Director of Global Power Programs, Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C.
- June 1998 - December 1999, Director of Operational Requirements, Deputy Chief of Staff for Air and Space Operations, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C.
- January 2000 - May 2002, Director for Force Structure, Resources and Assessment (J-8), the Joint Staff, Washington, D.C.
- May 2002 - April 2005, Commander, 8th Air Force, Barksdale AFB, Louisiana
- April 2005 - August 2005, Commander, 8th Air Force, Barksdale AFB, Louisiana, and Joint Functional Component Commander for Space and Global Strike, U.S. Strategic Command, Offutt AFB, Nebraska
- August 2005 - January 2009, Commander, Air Force Materiel Command, Wright-Patterson AFMC, Ohio
- Rating: Command pilot
- Flight hours: More than 3,000
- Aircraft flown: F-4, OV-10, A-10, F-16, F-111, EF-111, AT-38, F-117 and B-52
Awards and decorations
- Second Lieutenant: June 12, 1971
- First Lieutenant: December 12, 1972
- Captain: June 12, 1975
- Major: November 1, 1982
- Lieutenant Colonel: March 1, 1985
- Colonel: February 1, 1991
- Brigadier General: January 1, 1996
- Major General: September 1, 1998
- Lieutenant General: February 1, 2000
- General: September 1, 2005
Commander, Air Force Materiel Command
- ^"General Authorities: Elder Bruce A. Carlson". Lds.org. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
- ^Risen, James (19 April 2012). "A Military and Intelligence Clash Over Spy Satellites". The New York Times.
- ^“Elder Bruce A. Carlson,” Liahona (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), May 2009, p. 138.
- ^"Area Leadership Assignments, 2012", Church News (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), 5 May 2012.
- ^"Area Leadership Assignments, 2013", Church News (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), 25 May 2013.
- ^"Area Leadership Assignments, 2014", Church News (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), 3 May 2014.
- ^"Temple Presidents, Matrons are counseled in annual seminar", Church News (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), 19 October 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- ^"Releases Announced at October 2015 General Conference", Newsroom, LDS Church
During World War II, 73 officers of the United States Army Medical Department were promoted to General Officer. All are listed below with their dates of rank, most notable duty assignment during the war, and their status as of late 1946. Notes also provide other notable achievements as well as any special commemorative actions taken by the United States Army to recognize their service.
|Image||Rank||Name||Date of Rank||Status in|
|Major General||James C. Magee||000000001939-06-01-0000June 1, 1939||Retired 1943||Surgeon General of the Army|
|Major General||Norman T. Kirk||000000001943-06-01-0000June 1, 1943||Surgeon General of the Army||Namesake of Kirk United States Army Health Clinic (formerly hospital), Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland|
|Major General||Shelley U. Marietta||000000001943-09-13-0000September 13, 1943||Retired 1946||Commander of The Army Medical Center|
|Major General||Robert H. Mills||000000001943-09-17-0000September 17, 1943||Retired 1946||Chief, Army Dental Corps; Namesake of Mills Dental Clinic, Fort Dix, New Jersey|
|Major General||David N. W. Grant||000000001943-09-19-0000September 19, 1943||Retired 1946||The Air Surgeon; Namesake of David Grant USAF Medical Center, Travis Air Force Base, California|
|Major General||Albert W. Kenner||000000001943-09-23-0000September 23, 1943||Office of the Secretary of War||Chief Surgeon, Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force from February 1944; Namesake of Kenner Army Health Clinic (formerly hospital), Fort Lee, Virginia|
|Major General||George F. Lull||000000001943-09-24-0000September 24, 1943||Retired 1945||Deputy Surgeon General|
|Major General||Howard McCrum Snyder||000000001943-11-03-0000November 3, 1943||Retired 1945||Assistant to the Inspector General of the Army; later personal physician to President Dwight David Eisenhower|
|Major General||Morrison C. Stayer||000000001943-11-03-0000November 3, 1943||Retired 1946||Chief Surgeon Caribbean Command; Chief Surgeon, North African Theater of Operations; Chief of Public Health & Welfare Officer Allied Military Government Germany|
|Major General||George C. Dunham||000000001944-02-22-0000February 22, 1944||Retired 1945||Author of Textbook of Military Preventive Medicine; Director of Health & Sanitation Division, Institute of Inter-American Affairs; Namesake of Dunham Army Health Clinic, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania |
|Major General||Paul R. Hawley||000000001944-02-27-0000February 27, 1944||Retired 1946||Chief Surgeon, European Theater of Operations; Later Chief Medical Officer, United States Veterans' Administration; Namesake of Hawley Army Community Hospital (closed 1995), Fort Benjamin Harrison, Indiana|
|Brigadier General||Wallace DeWitt, Sr.||000000001936-10-02-0000October 2, 1936||Relieved from active duty February 28, 1945;||Retired June 30, 1942 and recalled to active duty on July 1, 1942; Namesake of DeWitt Army Community Hospital (closed 2011), Fort Belvoir, Virginia|
|Brigadier General||Raymond F. Metcalfe||000000001937-12-15-0000December 15, 1937||Relieved from Active Duty 1946||Retired May 31, 1941 and recalled to active duty on December 15, 1941|
|Brigadier General||Leigh C. Fairbanks||000000001938-01-29-0000January 29, 1938||Retired 1942||First General officer in Dental Corps and Chief, Dental Corps; Namesake of Fairbanks Dental Clinic, Fort Hood, Texas|
|Brigadier General||William L. Sheep||000000001940-10-01-0000October 1, 1940||Retired 1945||Commanding General, Lawson General Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia|
|Brigadier General||Addison D. Davis||000000001940-12-19-0000December 19, 1940||Retired 1946||Commandant, Medical Field Service School, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania|
|Brigadier General||Larry B. McAfee||000000001941-03-01-0000March 1, 1941||Retired 1946||Executive Officer to the Surgeon General; Assistant Surgeon General; Commanding General, Bruns General Hospital, Santa Fe, New Mexico|
|Brigadier General||Henry C. Pillsbury||000000001941-04-03-0000April 3, 1941||Retired May 31, 1945||Commanding General, Lovell General Hospital, Fort Devens, Massachusetts|
|Brigadier General||Henry C. Coburn, Jr.||000000001941-04-03-0000April 3, 1941||Relieved from Active Duty, 1945||Retired 1943; recalled to active duty; Surgeon, Fort Bragg Station Hospital|
|Brigadier General||William R. Dear||000000001941-04-04-0000April 4, 1941||Retired 1946||Commanding General, Medical Replacement Training Center, Camp Lee Virginia; Commanding General, Medical Replacement Training Center, Camp Pickett, Virginia (same unit, relocated from Camp Lee to Camp Pickett due to space issues); Commanding General, Northington General Hospital, Tuscaloosa, Alabama|
|Brigadier General||John M. Willis||000000001941-04-05-0000April 5, 1941||Commanding General, Brooke Army Medical Center||Command Surgeon, United States Army Pacific Ocean Areas; Namesake of Willis Hall, United States Army Medical Department Center and School, Fort Sam Houston, Texas|
|Brigadier General||Roy C. Heflebower||000000001941-12-15-0000December 15, 1941||Retired 1946||Commander, Medical Replacement Training Center, Camp Barkeley, Texas|
|Brigadier General||Charles C. Hillman||000000001942-01-29-0000January 29, 1942||Commanding General, Letterman General Hospital||Chief of Professional Service Division, Office of the Surgeon General|
|Brigadier General||James E. Baylis||000000001942-02-13-0000February 13, 1942||Command Surgeon, Seventh United States Army||Command Surgeon, India-Burma Theater|
|Brigadier General||Raymond A. Kesler||000000001942-03-09-0000March 9, 1942||Retired 1946||Chief, Veterinary Corps|
|Brigadier General||Royal Reynolds||000000001942-03-20-0000March 20, 1942||Retired 1945||Commanding General, Kennedy General Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee; Brother of Charles R. Reynolds, former Surgeon General of the Army from 1935 to 1939 |
|Brigadier General||Omar H. Quade||000000001942-05-21-0000May 21, 1942||Commanding General, Fitzsimmons General Hospital||Commanding General, Fitzsimmons General Hospital|
|Brigadier General||Frank W. Weed||000000001942-07-19-0000July 19, 1942||Retired April 30, 1945; Died September 29, 1945||Commanding General, Letterman General Hospital, Presidio of San Francisco, California; Namesake of Weed Army Community Hospital, Fort Irwin, California|
|Brigadier General||Edgar King||000000001942-10-25-0000October 25, 1942||Retired 1946||Command Surgeon, United States Army Forces, Central Pacific|
|Brigadier General||Frederick A. Blesse||000000001942-12-04-0000December 4, 1942||Command Surgeon, Army Ground Forces, Fort Monroe, Virginia||Command Surgeon, Fifth United States Army Namesake of Blesse Auditorium, United States Army Medical Department Center and School, Fort Sam Houston, Texas|
|Brigadier General||Eugen G. Reinartz||000000001942-12-04-0000December 4, 1942||Retired 1946||Commandant, School of Aviation Medicine, Randolph Field, Texas|
|Brigadier General||Hugh J. Morgan||000000001942-12-04-0000December 4, 1942||Relieved from Active Duty 1946||Mobilized reservist; Chief consultant in Medicine, Office of the Surgeon General|
|Brigadier General||Fred W. Rankin||000000001942-12-05-0000December 5, 1942||Relieved from Active Duty 1945||Mobilized reservist; Chief Consultant in Surgery, Office of the Surgeon General|
|Brigadier General||James S. Simmons||000000001943-03-14-0000March 14, 1943||Retired 1946||Mobilized Reservist; Chief, Preventive Medicine Division, Office of the Surgeon General|
|Brigadier General||Leon A. Fox||000000001943-03-16-0000March 16, 1943||Retired 1946||United States of America Typhus Commission|
|Brigadier General||Ralph H. Goldthwaite||000000001943-04-25-0000April 25, 1943||Retired 1946||Commanding General, Army and Navy General Hospital, Hot Springs, Arkansas|
|Brigadier General||George C. Beach, Jr.||000000001943-04-26-0000April 26, 1943||Commanding General, The Army Medical Center||Commanding General, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas|
|Brigadier General||Joseph E. Bastion||000000001943-06-23-0000June 23, 1943||Commanding General, Percy Jones General Hospital, Battle Creek, Michigan||Commanding General, Percy Jones General Hospital, Battle Creek, Michigan |
|Brigadier General||Percy J. Carroll||000000001943-06-23-0000June 23, 1943||Retired 1946||Command Surgeon, United States Army Forces in Australia; Command Surgeon, United States Army Forces in the Southwest Pacific; Commanding General, Vaughn General Hospital, Hines, Illinois |
|Brigadier General||Raymond W. Bliss||000000001943-09-13-0000September 13, 1943||Deputy Surgeon General||Chief of Operations, Office of the Surgeon General; Surgeon General of the Army, 1947–1951; namesake of Raymond W. Bliss Army Health Center (former hospital), Fort Hauchuca, Arizona|
|Brigadier General||Charles R. Glenn||000000001943-09-17-0000September 17, 1943||Air Materiel Command Surgeon, Wright Field, Ohio||Army Air Forces Training Command Surgeon; Deputy Air Surgeon|
|Brigadier General||Malcolm C. Grow||000000001943-09-17-0000September 17, 1943||The Air Surgeon||First Surgeon General of the United States Air Force; namesake of Malcolm Grow Medical Clinic (formerly medical center), Joint Base Andrews, Camp Spring, Maryland|
|Brigadier General||James A. Bethea||000000001943-11-03-0000November 3, 1943||Chief Surgeon, Far East Command||Commanding General, McCloskey General Hospital, Temple, Texas|
|Brigadier General||Edgar Erskine Hume||000000001944-01-14-0000January 14, 1944||Civil Affairs, Austria||Commanding Officer, Winter General Hospital, Topeka, Kansas|
|Brigadier General||Joseph I. Martin||000000001944-01-17-0000January 17, 1944||Brooke Army Medical Center||Command Surgeon, Fifth United States Army; namesake of Martin Army Community Hospital, Fort Benning, Georgia|
|Brigadier General||Guy Blair Denit||000000001944-01-18-0000January 18, 1944||Office of the Surgeon General||Chief Surgeon, United States Army Services of Supply, Southwest Pacific Area; Chief Surgeon, United States Army Forces Far East|
|Brigadier General||Earl Maxwell||000000001944-01-19-0000January 19, 1944||Chief, Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Service, Letterman General Hospital, Presidio of San Francisco, California||Chief Surgeon, United States Army Forces, Pacific; Commanding General, 332nd Hospital Center, Okinawa; Chief Surgeon, United States Army Service Command, Yokohama|
|Brigadier General||Stanhope Bayne-Jones||000000001944-02-25-0000February 25, 1944||Relieved from active duty, 1946||Mobilized reservist; administrator for the United States Typhus Commission and the Army Epidemiology Board; Member of the 1964 Surgeon General's Advisory Committee on Smoking and Health; Namesake of Bayne-Jones Army Community Hospital, Fort Polk, Louisiana|
|Brigadier General||Condon C. McCornack||000000001944-05-31-0000May 31, 1944||Died 000000001944-11-05-0000November 5, 1944||Deputy Command Surgeon, Western Defense Command; namesake of McCornack General Hospital (closed 1949), Pasadena, California|
|Brigadier General||George B. Foster, Jr.||000000001944-05-24-0000May 24, 1944||Retired 1946||Commanding General, O'Reilly General Hospital, Springfield, Missouri |
|Brigadier General||Ralph G. DeVoe||000000001944-05-24-0000May 24, 1944||Retired 1946||Commanding Officer, Halloran General Hospital, Willowbrook, Staten Island, New York|
|Brigadier General||Henry C. Dooling||000000001944-05-25-0000May 25, 1944||Chief Health Officer, Canal Zone||Assistant Chief Health Officer, Canal Zone|
|Brigadier General||John A. Rogers||000000001944-11-10-0000November 10, 1944||Retired 1946||Command Surgeon, First United States Army|
|Brigadier General||Robert C. McDonald||000000001945-01-01-0000January 1, 1945||Relieved from active duty 1946||Retired 1945; recalled to active duty; namesake of McDonald Army Health Clinic (former hospital), Fort Eustis, Virginia|
|Brigadier General||William A. Hagins||000000001945-01-04-0000January 4, 1945||Surgeon, Sixth United States Army||Command Surgeon, Sixth United States Army|
|Brigadier General||Rex McKinley McDowell||000000001945-01-04-0000January 4, 1945||Headquarters, Sixth United States Army, Presidio of San Francisco, California||Dental Corps Officer, Deputy Chief, Dental Division, Office of the Surgeon General|
|Brigadier General||Charles B. Spruit||000000001945-01-08-0000January 8, 1945||Retired 1946||Deputy Command Surgeon, United States Army European Theater of Operations|
|Brigadier General||W. Lee Hart||000000001945-03-16-0000March 16, 1945||Relieved from active duty 1946||Retired 1945; Command Surgeon, Eighth Service Command|
|Brigadier General||George R. Callender||000000001945-03-16-0000March 16, 1945||Retired 1946||Commandant, Army Medical School, Washington, D.C.|
|Brigadier General||Thomas D. Hurley||000000001945-03-20-0000March 20, 1945||Retired 1946||Chief Surgeon, Third United States Army|
|Brigadier General||Isidor S. Radvin||000000001945-03-31-0000March 31, 1945||Relieved from Active Duty 1946||Mobilized reservist; Commanding Officer, 20th General Hospital, India|
|Brigadier General||Charles M. Walson||000000001945-06-03-0000June 3, 1945||Command Surgeon, First United States Army, Governors Island, New York||Surgeon, Second Service Command; namesake of Walson Army Community Hospital, Fort Dix, New Jersey (closed 1995)|
|Brigadier General||George W. Rice||000000001945-06-05-0000June 5, 1945||Command Surgeon, Second United States Army, Baltimore, Maryland||Command Surgeon, Eighth United States Army|
|Brigadier General||Elliot C. Cutler||000000001945-06-17-0000June 17, 1945||Relieved from Active Duty 1946||Mobilized Reserve Officer; Chief surgical consultant to the Command surgeon, European Theater of Operations|
|Brigadier General||Edward Reynolds||000000001945-06-17-0000June 17, 1945||Retired 1946||Chief, Medical Administrative Corps|
|Brigadier General||Sidney L. Chappell||000000001945-09-05-0000September 5, 1945||Retired 1946||Commanding Officer, England General Hospital, Atlantic City, New Jersey|
|Brigadier General||Robert M. Hardaway||000000001945-09-05-0000September 5, 1945||Commanding General Percy Jones Hospital Center||Commanding Officer, Bushnell General Hospital, Brigham City, Utah|
|Brigadier General||Edward A. Noyes||000000001945-09-06-0000September 6, 1945||Chief Surgeon, European Theater||Commanding General, Cushing General Hospital, Framingham, Massachusetts|
|Brigadier General||Clyde McKay Beck||000000001945-09-05-0000September 5, 1945||Commanding General, Pratt General Hospital, Miami, Florida||Commanding Officer, Ashford General Hospital, White Sulfur Springs, West Virginia|
|Brigadier General||William C. Menninger||000000001945-09-10-0000September 10, 1945||Relieved from Active Duty 1946||Director, Neuropsychiatry Consultants Division, Office of The Surgeon General|
|Brigadier General||William W. Vaughan||000000001945-10-24-0000October 24, 1945||Retired 1946||Commanding General, Stark General Hospital, Charleston, South Carolina|
|Brigadier General||Thomas L. Smith||000000001946-03-17-0000March 17, 1946||Office of the Surgeon General||Tenth Chief of the Dental Corps, advanced to Major General in 1947|
|Brigadier General||Wallace H. Graham||000000001946-09-14-0000September 14, 1946||Attending physician to the President||Chief Surgeon, 97th Evacuation Hospital|
This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of Defense.
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- ^A Concise Biography of Brigadier General Frank Watkins Weed, MC Prepared by Mr. Samuel Kier, US Army Medical Department Historical Unit, February 1964. Copy in the holdings of the AMEDD Center for History and Heritage, Fort Sam Houston, TX
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