Samuel Richardson Tercentenary Essays

Selected Bibliography:
Samuel Richardson

By John A. Dussinger,
University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

Last revised 2 April 2000


  • Primary Works

    • William Merritt Sale, Jr., Samuel Richardson: A Bibliographical Record of His Literary Career with Historical Notes (New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1936; repr. Hampden, Connecticut, 1969).
    • William Merritt Sale, Jr., Samuel Richardson: Master Printer (Ithaca, New York: Cornell Univ. Press, 1950). Soon to be superseded by a new bibliography of R's printing career by Keith Maslen.
    • Shirley Van Marter, "Richardson's Revisions of Clarissa in the Third and Fourth Editions," Studies in Bibliography 28 (1975): 119-52.
    • Shirley Van Marter, "Richardson's Debt to Hester Mulso Concerning the Curse in Clarissa," Papers on Language and Literature 14 (1978): 22-31.
    • William B. Warde, Jr., "Revisions in the Published Texts of Volume One of Samuel Richardson's Clarissa," Library Chronicle 45 (1981): 92-103.
    • Wolfgang Zach, "Mrs. Aubin and Richardson's Earliest Literary Manifesto (1739)," English Studies 62 (1981): 271-85.
    • Lady Elizabeth Echlin, An Alternative Ending to Richardson's "Clarissa," ed. Dimiter Daphinoff (Bern: Franke, 1982).
    • T. C. Duncan Eaves and Ben D. Kimpel, "An Unpublished Pamphlet by Samuel Richardson," Philological Quarterly 63 (1984): 401-409.
    • Wolfgang Zach, "Editionsprobleme bei den Romanen Samuel Richardsons," Anglia 102 (1984): 60-79.
    • Florian Stuber, "On Original and Final Intentions, or Can There Be an Authoritative Clarissa?" TEXT: Transactions of the Society for Textual Scholarship 2 (1985): 229-44.
    • Margaret Anne Doody and Florian Stuber, "Clarissa Censored," Modern Language Studies 18 (Winter 1988): 74-88.
    • Keith Maslen, "Samuel Richardson as Printer: Expanding the Canon," in Order and Connexion: Studies in Bibliography and Book History, ed. R. C. Alston (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1997), pp. 1-16. A preview of Maslen's forthcoming book that adds hundreds of new titles to Sale's pioneering bibliography of Richardson's printed books.
    • Derek Taylor, "Samuel Richardson and 'Mr. Norris': Richardson's Letter to Millar 8 August 1750," Notes & Queries 44 (1997): 204-205.
    • Janine Barchas, with the editorial collaboration of Gordon D. Fulton, "The Annotations in Lady Bradshaigh's Copy of Clarissa," English Literary Studies, no. 76 (Victoria, B.C.: Univ. of Victoria Press, 1998).

  • Secondary Works

    • Richard Gordon Hannaford, Samuel Richardson: An Annotated Bibliography of Critical Studies (New York: Garland Publishing, 1980).
    • Sarah W. Smith, Samuel Richardson: A Reference Guide (Boston: G. K. Hall, 1984).


  • Collected Works

    • The Novels of Samuel Richardson, 18 vols. (Oxford: Shakespeare Head, 1929-31).
    • The Works, with a Prefatory Chapter of Biographical Criticism by Leslie Stephen, 12 vols. (London, 1883).

  • Individual Works

    • Pamela

      • Pamela; or, Virtue Rewarded, ed. T. C. Duncan Eaves and Ben D. Kimpel, Riverside Editions (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1971). The first edition of 1740 and the definitive modern text.
      • Pamela; or, Virtue Rewarded, ed. Peter Sabor, with an introduction by Margaret A. Doody (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1980). This edition is based on the 1801 text and incorporates corrections made in 1810.
      • Pamela; or, Virtue Rewarded, with an introduction by M. Kinkead-Weekes, 2 vols., Everyman's Library (London: Dent; New York: Dutton, 1914; repr. 1965). The only inexpensive modern reprint containing the third and fourth volumes, the sequel to the original novel.
      • Pamela; or, Virtue Rewarded, 4 vols. (New York and London: Garland, 1974). Facsimile of the fourteenth edition of 1801, incorporating Richardson's last corrections.

    • Clarissa

      • Clarissa; or, the History of a Young Lady, with a new introduction by Florian Stuber, 8 vols. (New York: AMS Press, 1990). A facsimile of the third edition of 1751, the author's last corrected edition.
      • Clarissa; or, the History of a Young Lady, ed. with an introduction and notes by Angus Ross (London: Penguin Books, 1985). The first edition of 1747-48.
      • Clarissa; or, the History of a Young Lady, with an introduction by John Butt, 4 vols., Everyman's Library (London: Dent; New York: Dutton, 1932; repr. 1962).

    • Sir Charles Grandison

      • Sir Charles Grandison, ed. Jocelyn Harris, 3 vols. (London, New York, and Toronto: Oxford Univ. Press, 1972). The first edition of 1753-54 as copy-text.

    • Samuel Richardson's Published Commentary on "Clarissa," 1747-65: Vol. 1, Prefaces, Postscripts and Related Writings, with an introduction by Jocelyn Harris, texts edited with headnotes by Thomas Keymer; Vol. 2, Letters and Passages Restored from the Original Manuscripts of the History of "Clarissa," 1751, with an introduction by Peter Sabor and bibliographical essay by O M Brack; and Vol. 3, A Collection of the Moral and Instructive Sentiments, Maxims, Cautions, and Reflections, contained in the Histories of "Pamela," "Clarissa," and "Sir Charles Grandison," with an introduction by John A. Dussinger and afterword by Ann Jessie Van Sant (London: Pickering & Chatto, 1990).
    • Familiar Letters on Important Occasions, with an introduction by B. W. Downs (London: Routledge, 1928).

  • Correspondence

    • The Correspondence of Samuel Richardson, ed. Anna Laetitia Barbauld, 6 vols. (London, 1804). Unreliable, but the fullest collection in print.
    • Selected Letters of Samuel Richardson, ed. John Carroll (Oxford: Clarendon, 1964). Well annotated but abridged letters.
    • The Richardson-Stinstra Correspondence and Stinstra's Prefaces to "Clarissa," ed. William C. Slattery (Carbondale and Edwardsville: Southern Illinois Univ. Press, 1969). Contains Richardson's only autobiographical account in a letter to Stinstra, 2 June 1753.
    • "Original Letters of Miss E. Carter and Mr. Samuel Richardson," Monthly Magazine 33 (1812): 533-43.
    • "One Hundred and Fifty Original Letters Between Dr. Edward Young . . . and Mr. Samuel Richardson," Monthly Magazine 36 (1813): 418-23; 37 (1814): 138-42 and 326-30; 38 (1814): 429-34; 39 (1815): 230-33; 40 (1815): 134-37; 41 (1816): 230-34; 42 (1816): 39-41; 43 (1817): 327-29; 44 (1817): 327-30; 45 (1818): 238-39; 46 (1819): 43-45; and 47 (1819): 134-37.
    • "Correspondence with Tobias Smollett," Monthly Magazine 68 (1819): 326-28.
    • "To Miss Grainger" [29 March 1750], in Catalogue of the Collection . . . Formed by Alfred Morrison 5 (1891): 252-54.
    • "The Letters of Doctor George Cheyne to Samuel Richardson (1733-43)," ed. Charles F. Mullet, University of Missouri Studies 18 (1943).

  • Archives and Depositories

    • Unpublished Correspondence in the Forster Collection, Victoria and Albert Museum, London. Available on microfilm in the Research Publications series, Primary Source Microfilm, Gale Group, Woodbridge, Connecticut.
    • 1720-30 Account Books, Public Record Office, Richmond.
    • Richardson-Cheyne correspondence, University of Edinburgh.
    • 1748-56 Correspondence with Thomas Edwards, Bodleian Library, Oxford.
    • 1757-58 Correspondence with Anna Meades, British Library, London.
    • 1747-59 Letters (7), Houghton Library, Harvard University.
    • Letters and literary drafts, Fondren Library, Rice University.
    • Archives of the Stationers' Company, Stationers' Hall, London.

  • Selected Translations

    • Pamela; ou La Vertu Récompensée, traduit de l'anglois, 2 vols. 1741--4 vols. (Amsterdam, 1743).
    • Pamela oder Die belohnte Tugend eines armen aber wunderschönen Dienstmadchens, aus ihren eigenen, auf Wahrheit und Natur gegründeten Briefen entdecket, ans Licht gestellet und nach der ???3ten Auflage aus dem Englischen überstetzt, 6 parts in 4 vols. (Hamburg, 1742; Frankfurt, 1742; Leipzig, 1742).
    • Pamela oder die belohnte Tugend, Aus der sechsten vermehrten Englischen Auflage in das Deutsche übersetzt und mit Kupfern gezieret, 4 vols. (Leipzig, 1743).
    • Pamela, of De Beloonde Deugd, 4 vols. (Amsterdam, 1742-44).
    • Pamela eller Den Belnønede Dyd, først skrevet I Engelsk, og nu I Dansk oversat af L. [B. J. Lodde], 4 vols. (Copenhagen, 1743-46).
    • Pamela, ovvero La Virtù premiata, 4 vols. (Venice, 1744-46).
    • Clarissa, oder die Geschichte eines vornehmen Frauenzimmers, 8 vols. (Göttingen, 1748-52).
    • Clarissa Harlowe, Traduction nouvelle et seule complète; par M. Le Tourneur, 10 vols. (Geneva, 1785-86). Unlike earlier, abridged French translations, this is close to the original English text.
    • Clarissa, Of De Historie van eene Jonge Juffer, Uit het Engelsch naar den Derden Druk vertaald door Joannes Stinstra, 8 vols. (Harlingen, 1752-55).
    • Geschichte Herrn Carl Grandison, In Briefen entworfen von dem Verfasser der Pamela und der Clarissa, 7 vols. (Leipzig, 1754-55).
    • Histoire de Sir Charles Grandison, trans. J. G. Monod, 7 vols. (Göttingen and Leiden, 1755-56).
    • Nouvelles lettres angloises ou Histoire du chevalier Grandisson [trans. Prévost], 8 parts in 4 vols. (Amsterdam, 1755-56).
    • Historie van den Ridder-Baronet Karel Grandison, 7 vols. (Harlingen, 1756-57).


  • T. C. Duncan Eaves and Ben D. Kimpel, Samuel Richardson, A Biography (Oxford: Clarendon, 1971). The definitive biography.
  • Alan D. McKillop, Samuel Richardson, Printer and Novelist (Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1936; repr. Shoe String Press, 1960). The seminal biography and critical study, still indispensable.
  • William Merrett Sale, Jr., Samuel Richardson: Master Printer, cited above. The other early Richardson scholar whose work is requisite reading.
  • Brian W. Downs, Richardson (London: Routledge, 1928).


  • Reference Works

    • A. M. Kearney, Samuel Richardson (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1968).
    • Jocelyn Harris, Samuel Richardson (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1987). Although intended mainly as an introduction, this is also an original critical account of Richardson's literary achievement.
    • Elizabeth Bergen Brophy, Samuel Richardson, Twayne English Authors Series, 454 (Boston: G. K. Hall, 1987).

  • Collections

    • John Carroll, ed., Samuel Richardson, Twentieth-Century Views (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1969).
    • Valerie Grosvenor Myer, ed., Samuel Richardson: Passion and Prudence (London: Vision Press; Totowa, NJ: Barnes & Noble Books, 1986). Despite poor editing, at least two or three substantial essays on Clarissa.
    • Margaret Anne Doody and Peter Sabor, eds., Samuel Richardson, Tercentenary Essays (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1989). Fifteen essays that provide fresh insights into Richardson's individual novels and their larger literary contexts.
    • Murray L. Brown, ed., "Refiguring Richardson's Clarissa," Studies in the Literary Imagination 28 (Spring 1995). Eight essays that concern a wide range of issues concerning the religious, political, and social significance of Richardson's masterpiece.
    • Albert J. Rivero, ed., New Essays on Samuel Richardson (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996). Thirteen essays that focus in depth on questions about Richardson's biography and literary achievement.

  • Monographs and Articles

    • Overviews

      • William M. Sale, Jr., "From Pamela to Clarissa," in The Age of Johnson: Essays Presented to Chauncey Brewster Tinker (New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1949), pp. 127-38. Still quite readable account by a pioneer in Richardson studies.
      • Alan Dugald McKillop, "Samuel Richardson," in The Early Masters of English Fiction (Lawrence and London: Univ. Press of Kansas, 1956), pp. 47-97. Another classic account by another important pioneer.
      • Mark Kinkead-Weekes, Samuel Richardson: Dramatic Novelist (Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univ. Press, 1973).
      • Margaret Anne Doody, A Natural Passion: A Study of the Novels of Samuel Richardson (Oxford: Clarendon, 1974).
      • Carol Houlihan Flynn, Samuel Richardson: A Man of Letters (Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1982). These fine studies by Kinkead-Weekes, Doody, and Flynn give comprehensive and balanced assessments of Richardson's literary career.
      • James Grantham Turner, "Richardson and His Circle," in The Columbia History of the British Novel, ed. John Richetti (New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1994), pp. 73-101.
      • Margaret Anne Doody, "Samuel Richardson: Fiction and Knowledge," in The Cambridge Companion to the Eighteenth-Century Novel, ed. John Richetti (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1996), pp. 90-119.

    • Social and Economic History, and Literary Form

      • Christopher Hill, "Clarissa Harlowe and Her Times," Essays in Criticism 5 (1955): 315-40. A ground-breaking article that has influenced, directly or indirectly, a fundamental approach to the early novel.
      • Ian Watt, The Rise of the Novel: Studies in Defoe, Richardson and Fielding (London: Chatto & Windus, 1957). A legendary but always controversial account of the early novel.
      • Michael McKeon, The Origins of the English Novel, 1600-1740 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1987). A major theoretical overhaul of Watt's Marxist account of the early novel but not distinguished for either witty or close reading of Richardson.
      • John A. Dussinger, "Masters and Servants: Political "Discourse in Richardson's A Collection of Moral Sentiments," Eighteenth-Century Fiction 95 (April 1993): 239-52.

    • Women's Studies, Feminist Ideology

      • Rachel Mayer Brownstein, "'An Exemplar to Her Sex': Richardson's Clarissa," Yale Review 66 (1977): 30-47.
      • Judith Wilt, "He Could Go No Farther: A Modest Proposal about Lovelace and Clarissa," PMLA 92 (1977): 19-32. Astonishing argument that Lovelace's prostitutes rather than the supposedly impotent Lovelace actually raped Clarissa.
      • Ruth Perry, Women, Letters, and the Novel (New York: AMS Press, 1980).
      • Janet Todd, Women's Friendship in Literature (New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1980).
      • Katharine Rogers, Feminism in Eighteenth-Century England (Urbana: Univ. of Illinois Press, 1982).
      • Terry Eagleton, The Rape of Clarissa: Writing, Sexuality and Class Struggle in Samuel Richardson (Minneapolis: Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1982).
      • Rita Goldberg, Sex and Enlightenment: Women in Richardson and Diderot (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1984).
      • Roy Roussel, The Conversation of the Sexes: Seduction and Equality in Selected Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Texts (Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1986).
      • Ann Louise Kibbie, "Sentimental Properties: Pamela and Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure," ELH 58 (1991): 561-77.
      • Lois A. Chaber, "'This Affecting Subject': An 'Interested' Reading of Childbearing in Two Novels by Samuel Richardson," Eighteenth-Century Fiction 8 (Jan. 1996): 193-250.
      • Tassie Gwilliam, Samuel Richardson's Fictions of Gender (Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press, 1993).
      • Betty A. Schellenberg, "Using 'Femalities' to 'Make Fine Men': Richardson's Sir Charles Grandison and the Feminization of Narrative," SEL 34 (Summer 1994): 599-616.
      • Wendy Jones, "The Dialectics of Love in Sir Charles Grandison," Eighteenth-Century Fiction 8 (Oct. 1995): 15-34.
      • Elizabeth Heckendorn Cook, Epistolary Bodies: Gender and Genre in the Eighteenth-Century Republic of Letters (Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press, 1996).

    • Structure and Meaning, Hermeneutics, Post-Structuralism

      • John Preston, The Created Self: The Reader's Role in Eighteenth-Century Fiction (London: Heinemann, 1970). A brilliant rhetorical analysis of Richardson's novels along with Defoe's, Fielding's, and Sterne's.
      • Donald L. Ball, Samuel Richardson's Theory of Fiction (The Hague and Paris: Mouton, 1971).
      • Elizabeth Bergen Brophy, Samuel Richardson: The Triumph of Craft (Knoxville: Univ. of Tennesee Press, 1974).
      • William Beatty Warner, Reading "Clarissa": The Struggles of Interpretation (New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1979). Takes Lovelace's side of the struggle.
      • Terry Castle, Clarissa's Ciphers: Meaning and Disruption in Richardson's "Clarissa" (Ithaca and London: Cornell Univ. Press, 1982). Nicely complements Warner in seeing the main concern with the violence to the text as well as to the fictional body of the heroine.
      • Christina Marsden Gillis, The Paradox of Privacy: Epistolary Form in Clarissa (Gainesville: Univ. of Florida Press, 1983).
      • Adrian Mebold, Rhetorik und Moral in Samuel Richardsons "Clarissa": ein systemtheoretischer Versuch (Bern and New York: Peter Lang, 1991).
      • Jamila Maaoun, "Belford Narrateur double de Lovelace dans Clarissa," Études anglaises 44 (June 1991): 129-42.
      • Anne Waldron Neumann, "Free Indirect Discourse in the Eighteenth-Century English Novel: Speakable or Unspeakable? The Example of Sir Charles Grandison," in Language, Text, and Context: Essays in Stylistics, ed. Michael Toolan (London: Routledge, 1992).
      • Gerard Strauch, "Richardson et le style indirect libre," Recherches Anglaises et Nord Americaines 26 (1993): 87-101.

    • Religious and Moral Contexts

      • Alan Wendt, "Clarissa's Coffin," Philological Quarterly 39 (1960): 481-95.
      • John A. Dussinger, "Conscience and the Pattern of Christian Perfection in Clarissa," PMLA 81 (1966): 236-45.
      • John A. Dussinger, "Richardson's Christian Vocation," Papers on Language and Literature 3 (1967): 3-19.
      • Cynthia Griffin Wolff, Samuel Richardson and the Eighteenth-Century Puritan Character (Hampden, Connecticut: Archon, 1972).
      • R. F. Brissenden, Virtue in Distress: Studies in the Novel of Sentiment from Richardson to Sade (London: Macmillan, 1974). A very important contribution that may have been overlooked after the book went out of print before it could be properly noticed.
      • James Louis Fortuna, "The Unsearchable Wisdom of God": A Study of Providence in Richardson's "Pamela" (Gainesville: Univ. of Florida Press, 1980).

    • Psychological and Mythical Contexts

      • Leslie Fiedler, Love and Death in the American Novel (New York: Stein and Day, 1960).
      • Morris Golden, Richardson's Characters (Ann Arbor: Univ. of Michigan Press, 1963).
      • John A. Dussinger, The Discourse of the Mind in Eighteenth-Century Fiction (The Hague and Paris: Mouton, 1974).
      • Ian Donaldson, The Rape of Lucretia: A Myth and its Transformations (Oxford: Clarendon, 1982).
      • Jean H. Hagstrum, Sex and Sensibility: Ideal and Erotic Love from Milton to Mozart (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1980).
      • John Allen Stevenson, "'Never in a Vile House': Knowledge and Experience in Richardson," Literature and Psychology 34 (1988): 4-16.
      • Christine Lehmann, Das Modell Clarissa: Liebe, Verf�hrung, Sexualität und Tod der Romanheldinnen des 18. Und 19. Jahrhunderts (Stuttgart: J. B. Metzler, 1991).
      • Douglas Murray, "Classical Myth in Richardson's Clarissa: Ovid Revised," Eighteenth-Century Fiction 3 (Jan. 1991): 113-24.
      • Terri Nickel, "Pamela as Fetish: Masculine Anxiety in Henry Fielding's Shamela and James Parry's The True Anti-Pamela," Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture 22 (1992): 37-49.

    • Literary Sources and Influences

      • John A. Dussinger, "Richardson's Tragic Muse," Philological Quarterly 46 (1967): 18-33.
      • Ira Konigsberg, Samuel Richardson and the Dramatic Novel (Lexington: Univ. of Kentucky Press, 1968).
      • Janet Aikins, "'A Plot Discover'd'; or, The Uses of Venice Preserv'd within Clarissa," University of Toronto Quarterly 55 (Spring 1986): 219.
      • William Park, "Clarissa as Tragedy," SEL 16 (1976): 461-71.
      • Michael E. Connaughton, "Richardson's Quotations: Clarissa and Bysshe's Art of English Poetry," Philological Quarterly 60 (1981): 183-95.

    • Individual Novels

      • Pamela
        • John A. Dussinger, "What Pamela Knew: An Interpretation," JEGP 69 (1970): 377-93.
        • Terry J. Castle, "P/B: Pamela as Sexual Fiction," SEL 22 (1982): 469-89.
        • James Cruise, "Pamela and the Commerce of Authority," JEGP 87 (1988): 342-58.
        • Christopher Flint, "The Anxiety of Affluence: Family and Class (Dis)order in Pamela: or, Virtue Rewarded," SEL 29 (1989): 489-514.
        • Betty A. Schellenberg, "Enclosing the Immovable: Structuring Social Authority in Pamela Part II," Eighteenth-Century Fiction 4 (1991): 24-43.
        • John Zaixin, "Free Play in Samuel Richardson's Pamela," Papers on Language and Literature 27 (Summer 1991): 307-19.
        • William Walker, "Pamela and Skepticism," Eighteenth-Century Life 16, no. 3 (1992): 68-85.
        • Robert Folkenflik, "Pamela: Domestic Servitude, Marriage, and the Novel," Eighteenth-Century Fiction 5 (April 1993): 253-68.
        • Albert J. Rivero, "The Place of Sally Godfrey in Richardson's Pamela," Eighteenth-Century Fiction 6 (Oct. 1993): 29-46.
        • James Grantham Turner, "Novel Panic: Picture and Performance in the Reception of Richardson's Pamela," Representations 48 (Fall 1994): 70-96.
        • Tom Keymer, "Pamela's Fables: Aesopian Writing and Political Implication in Samuel Richardson and Sir Roger L'Estrange," Bulletin de la Société d'Etudes Anglo-Americaines des XVIIe et XVIIIe Siècles, 41 (Nov. 1995): 81-101.
        • Felicity Nussbaum, "Polygamy, Pamela, and the Prerogative of Empire," in The Consumption of Culture, 1600-1800; Image, Object, Text, ed. Ann Bermingham and John Brewer (New York: Routledge, 1995), pp. 138-59.
        • John B. Pierce, "Pamela's Textual Authority," Eighteenth-Century Fiction 7 (Jan. 1995): 131-46.
        • Richard Gooding, "Pamela, Shamela, and the Politics of the Pamela Vogue," Eighteenth-Century Fiction 7 (Jan. 1995): 109-30.
        • Toni Bowers, "'A Point of Conscience': Breast-feeding and Maternal Authority in Pamela, Part 2," in Inventing Maternity: Politics, Science, and Literature, 1650-1865, ed. Susan C. Greenfield and Carol Bash (Lexington, KY: Univ. of Kentucky Presses, 1998).
        • Catherine Ingrassia, "'I am become a Mere Usurer': Pamela and Domestic Stock-jobbing," SNNTS 30 (Fall 1998): 303-23.
        • John A. Dussinger, "'Ciceronian Eloquence': The Politics of Virtue in Richardson's Pamela," Eighteenth-Century Fiction 12 (Oct. 1999): 39-60.

      • Clarissa
        • John Carroll, "Lovelace as Tragic Hero," University of Toronto Quarterly 42 (1972): 14-25.
        • Anthony Winner, "Richardson's Lovelace: Character and Prediction," Texas Studies in Literature and Language 14 (1972): 53-75.
        • Jonathan Loesberg, "Allegory and Narrative in Clarissa," Novel 15 (Fall 1981): 39-59.
        • Leo Braudy, "Penetration and Impenetrability in Clarissa," in New Aspects of the Eighteenth Century: Essays from the English Institute, ed. Philip Harth (New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1974).
        • John Traugott, "Molesting Clarissa," Novel 15 (1982): 163-70.
        • Sue Warrick Doederlein, "Clarissa in the Hands of the Critics," Eighteenth-Century Studies 16 (1983): 401-14.
        • Terry Castle, "Lovelace's Dream," Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture 13 (1984): 29-42.
        • Sarah Fielding, Remarks on Clarissa, introduction by Peter Sabor (Augustan Reprint Society, 231-32). Facsimile reprint 1749 (Los Angeles: William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, 1985).
        • Florian Stuber, "On Fathers and Authority in Clarissa," 25 (Summer 1985): 557-74.
        • Donald R. Wehrs, "Irony, Storytelling and the Conflict of Interpretation in Clarissa, ELH 53 (1986): 759-78.
        • Margaret Anne Doody, "Disguise and Personality in Richardson's Clarissa," Eighteenth-Century Life n.s. 12, no. 2 (1988): 18-39.
        • Jonathan Lamb, "The Fragmentation of Originals and Clarissa," SEL 28 (1988): 443-59.
        • Raymond Stephanson, "Richardson's 'Nerves': The Philosophy of Sensibility in Clarissa," Journal of the History of Ideas 49 (1988): 267-85.
        • Peter Hynes, "Curses, Oaths, and Narrative in Richardson's Clarissa," ELH 56 (1989): 311-26.
        • Brenda Bean, "Sight and Self-Disclosure: Richardson's Revision of Swift's 'The Lady's Dressing Room,'" Eighteenth-Century Life 14 (1990): 1-23.
        • Thomas O. Beebee, "Clarissa" on the Continent: Translation and Seduction (University Park: Pennsylvania State Univ., 1990).
        • Jocelyn Harris, "Protean Lovelace," Eighteenth-Century Fiction 2 (1990): 327-46.
        • Raymond F. Hilliard, "Clarissa and Ritual Cannibalism," PMLA 105 (1990): 1083-97.
        • Nicholas Hudson, "Arts of Seduction and the Rhetoric of Clarissa," Modern Language Quarterly 51 (1990): 25-43.
        • Helen M. Ostovich, "'Our Views Must Now Be Different': Imprisonment and Friendship in Clarissa," Modern Language Quarterly 52 (1991): 153-69.
        • Tom Keymer, Richardson's "Clarissa" and the Eighteenth-Century Reader (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1992). Probably the most important book-length study of Richardson after the first wave of Kinkead-Weakes, Doody, Flynn, and others in the 1970s and 1980s.
        • David C. Henseley, "Thomas Edwards and the Dialectics of Clarissa's Death Scene," Eighteenth-Century Life 16, no. 3 (1992): 130-52.
        • Lois A. Chaber, "A 'Fatal Attraction'? The BBC and Clarissa," Eighteenth-Century Fiction 4 (April 1992): 257-63.
        • Mildred Sarah Greene, "The French Clarissa," in Man and Nature: Proceedings of the Canadian Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies, ed. Christa Fell and James Leith (Edmonton: Academic Printing & Publishing, 1992), pp. 89-98.
        • Elizabeth W. Harries, "Fragments and Mastery: Dora and Clarissa," Eighteenth-Century Fiction 5 (April 1993): 217-38.
        • Richard Hannaford, "Playing Her Dead Hand: Clarissa's Posthumous Letters," Texas Studies in Literature and Language 35 (Spring 1993): 79-102.
        • Lois E. Bueler, Clarissa's Plots (Newark, DE: Associated Univ. Presses, 1994).
        • Tom Keymer, "Clarissa's Death, Clarissa's Sale, and the Text of the Second Edition," Review of English Studies 45 (Aug. 1994): 389-96.
        • Martha J. Koehler, "Epistolary Closure and Triangular Return in Richardson's Clarissa," Journal of Narrative Technique 24 (Fall 1994): 153-72.
        • Margaret Anne Doody, "Heliodorus Rewritten: Samuel Richardson's Clarissa and Frances Burney's Wanderer," in The Search for the Ancient Novel, ed. James Tatum (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1994), pp. 117-31.
        • Joy Kyunghae Lee, "The Commodification of Virtue: Chastity and the Virginal Body in Richardson's Clarissa," The Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation 36 (Spring 1995): 38-54.
        • Mary Vermillion, "Clarissa and the Marriage Act," Eighteenth-Century Fiction 10 (1997): 395-412.
        • Daniel P. Gunn, "Is Clarissa Bourgois Art? Eighteenth-Century Fiction 10 (Oct. 1997): 1-14.
        • Brian McCrea, "Clarissa's Pregnancy and the Fate of Patriarchal Power," Eighteenth-Century Fiction 9 (Jan. 1997): 125-48.
        • Mary Patricia Martin, "Reading Reform in Richardson's Clarissa and the Tactics of Sentiment," SEL 37 (Summer 1997): 595-614.
        • Paul Gordon Scott, "Disinterested Selves: Clarissa and the Tactics of Sentiment," ELH 64 (1997): 473-502.
        • Donnalee Frega, Speaking in Hunger: Gender, Discourse, and Consumption in "Clarissa" (Columbia, SC: Univ. of South Carolina Press, 1998).
        • Laura Hinton, "The Heroine's Subjection: Clarissa, Sadomasochism, and Natural Law," Eighteenth-Century Studies 32 (Spring 1999): 293-308.
        • Murray L. Brown, "Authorship and Generic Exploitation: Why Lovelace Must Fear Clarissa," SNNTS 30 (Summer 1998): 246-59.
        • Derek Taylor, "Clarissa Harlowe, Mary Astell, and Elizabeth Carter: John Norris of Bemerton's Female 'Descendants,'" Eighteenth-Century Fiction 12 (Oct. 1999): 19-38.

      • Sir Charles Grandison
        • Jocelyn Harris, "The Reviser Observed: The Last Volume of Sir Charles Grandison," Studies in Bibliography 29 (1976): 1-31.
        • Lois A. Chaber, "'Sufficient to the Day': Anxiety in Sir Charles Grandison," Eighteenth-Century Fiction 1 (1989): 281-304.
        • Gerard A. Barker, Grandison's Heirs: The Paragon's Progress in the Late Eighteenth-Century Novel (Newark: Univ. of Delaware Press, 1985).
        • Morris Golden, "Public Context and Imagining Self in Sir Charles Grandison," The Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation 29 (1988): 3-18.
        • Sylvia Kasey Marks, "Sir Charles Grandison": The Compleat Conduct Book (Cranbury, NJ: Associated Univ. Presses, 1986).
        • George E. Haggerty, "Sir Charles Grandison and the 'Language of Nature,'" Eighteenth-Century Fiction 2 (1990): 127-40.
        • Leah Price, "Sir Charles Grandison and the Executor's Hand," Eighteenth-Century Fiction 9 (1996): 39-42.

Electronic Resources

  • Eighteenth-Century Fiction, CD-ROM (Cambridge: Chadwyck-Healey, 1996). This database of more than 70 eighteenth-century British novels includes the main editions of Richardson's Pamela, Clarissa, and Sir Charles Grandison. At many university libraries this resource is accessible on the Web. An invaluable research resource.

Please send comments and corrections to

Samuel Richardson in Context, ed. with Betty A. Schellenberg (Cambridge University Press, 2017).

The Cambridge Edition of the Correspondence of Samuel Richardson. Correspondence with Lady Bradshaigh and Lady Echlin, 3 vols., ed. (Cambridge University Press, 2016).  

The Cambridge Companion to Emma, ed. (Cambridge University Press, 2015).

Jane Austen's Manuscript Works, ed. with Linda Bree and Janet Todd (Broadview Press, 2012).

Shakespeare in the Eighteenth Century, ed. with Fiona Ritchie (Cambridge University Press, 2012).

The Court Journals and Letters of Frances Burney (Volume 1 - 1786), ed. (Oxford University Press, 2011).

Shakespeare and the Eighteenth Century, ed. with Paul Yachnin (Ashgate, 2008).

The Cambridge Companion to Frances Burney, ed. (Cambridge University Press, 2007).

Jane Austen's Juvenilia, in The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Jane Austen (Cambridge University Press, 2006).

Pamela in the Marketplace: Literary Controversy and Print Culture in Eighteenth-Century Britain and Ireland, co-author with Thomas Keymer (Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Varieties of Exile: New Essays on Mavis Gallant, ed. with Nicole Côté (Peter Lang, 2002).

The Pamela Controversy: Criticisms and Adaptations of Samuel Richardson’s Pamela, ed. with Thomas Keymer, 6 vols. (Pickering & Chatto, 2001).

The Complete Plays of Frances Burney, ed. with Stewart Cooke and Geoffrey Sill, 2 vols. (Pickering & Chatto, 1995).

Samuel Richardson: Tercentenary Essays, ed. with Margaret Anne Doody (CUP, 1989).

Horace Walpole: The Critical Heritage (Routledge, 1987).

Horace Walpole: A Reference Guide (G.K. Hall, 1984).

Editions of works by Samuel Richardson, Sarah Fielding, John Cleland, Horace Walpole, Frances Burney, Jane Austen, and Thomas Carlyle for Penguin, University Press of Kentucky, Pickering & Chatto, Broadview, Juvenilia Press, and OUP.

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