Anna Howard Shaw Speech Essay Writing

M-133, reel A14-18; A-68, Series X

Shaw, Anna Howard, 1847-1919. Papers of Anna Howard Shaw in the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1863-1955: A Finding Aid

Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Location: Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.
Call No.: M-133, reel A14-18; A-68, Series X
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Shaw, Anna Howard, 1847-1919
Title: Papers of Anna Howard Shaw in the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1863-1955
Date(s): 1863-1955
Quantity: 210 folders
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Papers of minister, physician, lecturer, and suffragist, Anna Howard Shaw.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Accession number: 56-121

Processing Information:

Reprocessed: June 1990

By: Kim Brookes, Bert Hartry, Katherine Kraft, Jane Ward

Access Restrictions:


Conditions Governing Use:

Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Anna Howard Shaw as well as copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.

Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.


  • Dates and/or other information have been written on some items by a number of people. In organizing the material, the processor left undated material that was grouped with dated items where it was. All dates and other information added by the processor are in square brackets.
  • Some of the material in the collection was difficult to film due to such problems as flimsy paper with text showing through, faded or smudged writing, faint pencil notations, or brittle and/or torn clippings. The film was carefully produced to insure that these items are as legible as possible.
  • The film was proofread by University Publications of America.
  • Letters of one or more pages with either the salutation or the signature missing, as well as portions of letters, articles, or clippings, have been marked as fragments [frag.].
  • Undated items are marked "n.d." (no date) and filmed at the end of each folder.
  • The pages of many items were numbered to aid the microfilmer, proofreaders, and researchers. These numbers are in square brackets.
  • The reverse sides of outdated letterhead or other "scrap" paper was sometimes used for transcriptions, drafts, or notes. These reverse sides were filmed only if their respective letterheads were not represented elsewhere in the collection, or if they contained unique text. They have been filmed at the end of each folder in which they appear.
  • Portions of the transcribed Anna Howard Shaw/Lucy Elmina Anthony correspondence (#502-510) were numbered for a previous Schlesinger Library microfilm. Some pages are not in strict chronological order: those for November- December 1901, describing Anna Howard Shaw's Caribbean trip, were filed and filmed separately from the folder of 1901-05 correspondence.
  • Many loose clippings were mounted by the processor.
  • Many clippings from newspapers already on microfilm (according to Newspapers in Microform, United States, Library of Congress, 1973), were discarded after filming.
  • All photographs were microfilmed with the collection. They are also available on the microfilm of the Schlesinger Library photograph collection (M-54).
  • Preferred Citation:

    Anna Howard Shaw Papers in the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1863-1955; item description, dates. A-68, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.

    Related Material:

    There is related material at the Schlesinger Library; see Anna Howard Shaw papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1908-1943 (M-133, reel A18; WRC 1036-40).


    Minister, physician, lecturer, and suffragist, Anna Howard Shaw was born on February 14, 1847, in Newcastle-on-Tyne, England, the sixth of seven surviving children of Thomas Shaw and Nicolas (Stott) Shaw. Shaw described her family's move to America (first to Massachusetts and later to the Michigan wilderness), their hardships on the frontier, her determination to get an education, and her career shifts from teacher to minister to physician to social reformer in her autobiography, The Story of a Pioneer (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1915).

    An avid reader, Shaw was largely self-taught before becoming a teacher at the age of 15. She later finished high school, and entered Albion College (Michigan) in 1873 at the age of 26. In 1878 she graduated from the divinity school of Boston University, the only woman in her class. In addition to performing various pastoral duties in the Methodist Protestant Church, Shaw enrolled in Boston University's medical school in 1883, graduating with an M.D. in 1886. She became increasingly convinced that the problems she encountered in her ministry and as a physician could not be solved without major political and social reforms, and that obtaining the vote for women was a necessary first step.

    Lecturing and organizing on behalf of the temperance and woman suffrage movements, Shaw became one of the best-known women in the United States. Her oratorical skills were legendary; in 1913 the National Anti- Suffrage Association forbade its members to engage in any further debate with her.

    In addition to serving as vice president (1892-1904) and president (1904-1915) of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, Shaw was chairman of the Woman's Committee of the U.S. Council of National Defense (1917-1919). For her extraordinary work and success in coordinating women's contributions to the war effort she was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal by the United States government in May 1919.

    Shaw died of pneumonia on July 2, 1919, in the middle of an exhausting speaking tour on behalf of the League to Enforce Peace, an organization formed to rally support for Woodrow Wilson's proposed peace treaty and League of Nations. Lucy Elmina Anthony, niece of Susan B. Anthony, was also an active suffragist. For thirty years she was friend and secretary to Shaw; she shared a home in Moylan, Pennsylvania, with Shaw from 1903 until the latter's death in 1919.

    For additional biographical information, see The Story of A Pioneer; Notable American Women, 1607-1950 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1971); and Wilmer A. Linkugel, "The Speeches of Anna Howard Shaw" (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1960; available from University Microfilms).


    The series has been rearranged and now contains five subseries; though materials created by Lucy Elmina Anthony can be found in the four Shaw subseries (A-D), the majority of her papers are in Subseries E.
    • A. Archival and biographical
    • B. Diaries and appointment books
    • C. Writings and speeches
    • D. Correspondence
    • E. Lucy Elmina Anthony correspondence


    Though the Anna Howard Shaw/Lucy Elmina Anthony papers do not provide a full record of either woman's life, they do reveal something of their personalities. Shaw's humor, sarcasm, and unflagging devotion to the cause of woman suffrage, as well as Lucy Elmina Anthony's fierce loyalty to the cause and to Shaw, are readily apparent.

    The papers bear evidence of their extensive use by Ida Husted Harper in the preparation of her unpublished Shaw biography, the original of which is in the Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor; for drafts see #355-358. She heavily marked not only her typed transcriptions, but also original documents. Annotations by Lucy Elmina Anthony and Caroline I. Reilly are so labeled. Dates provided by Ida Husted Harper and Lucy Elmina Anthony have been accepted by the processor, unless there was contradictory evidence.

    Subseries A, Archival and biographical (#350-373v), contains correspondence of Lucy Elmina Anthony with Mary Earhart Dillon and Nicolas Shaw Fraser re: the disposition of the Anna Howard Shaw papers, and archival notes. The bulk of the subseries consists of biographical papers: teaching certificates and contracts; results of medical school examinations; programs, passes, etc.; Shaw reminiscences; notes for and drafts of the Ida Husted Harper biography; tributes and other biographical material, both printed and manuscript (see also #555-558); clippings, some in an extremely fragile scrapbook; and photographs of Shaw, her friends, her house, suffrage groups, landscapes, and the christening (1943) of the battleship SS Anna Howard Shaw.

    Subseries B, Diaries and appointment books (#374v-416), contains books of both Shaw and Lucy Elmina Anthony. Most of Shaw's diary entries (1898-1919) are brief, though some are full pages. Many pages are blank; these have not been filmed. Diary entries for November 1901 to February 1902 describe Shaw's travels to various countries in and around the Caribbean, especially Cuba, Jamaica, and Venezuela. A few "diaries" are essentially appointment books, but the processor has not changed Lucy Elmina Anthony's original designations. While some appointment books (1889-1911) are inscribed "Anna Howard Shaw" and others "Lucy E. Anthony," Lucy Elmina Anthony's writing appears in both; the engagements are apparently those of Shaw. The 1900 diary and 1904 appointment book originally received with the collection are currently missing; there were no diaries for 1907 or 1909, and no 1908 appointment book.

    Subseries C, Writings and speeches (#417-500), contains a lecture itinerary; programs and publicity; tributes to Shaw as a speaker; press releases; and speeches, articles, and statements. Most are suffrage speeches, though some are about temperance, World War I, and other topics; see the inventory for a complete list. Shaw usually spoke extemporaneously; many speeches are thus transcripts by others, and a number are printed. The transcripts carry annotations by Shaw, Ida Husted Harper, and others. The subseries is arranged chronologically; the inventory provides titles and locales where known. The processor supplemented information on the documents with that provided by Wilmer Albert Linkugel in The Speeches of Anna Howard Shaw. Some of the unidentified items in #496 may be excerpts of longer speeches.

    A number of speeches have penciled numbers (e.g."#71") in the upper left-hand corner of the first page. These refer to folders in a previous arrangement; they have been retained to help researchers attempting to match earlier citations.

    This subseries spans Shaw's oratorical career, from the rough notes for her first sermon (1871) to a speech on lynching given two months before her death. Shaw had a number of set themes and delivered similar speeches repeatedly over the years throughout the U.S. and also abroad.

    A few speeches and reports by others are included at the end of the subseries.

    Subseries D, Correspondence (#501-541), has two major divisions: correspondence arranged alphabetically by correspondent, and other correspondence. In addition, there is one folder of Shaw letters to "Home Folks," written from trips abroad.

    Most of the correspondents in the alphabetical section are friends; they often addressed, and referred to, Shaw as "Ladee." The typed transcripts (prepared by Ida Husted Harper; the originals were apparently destroyed) of Shaw's letters to Lucy Elmina Anthony are informative and descriptive, as are her many letters to a close friend from childhood, Clara Osburn. The Anna Howard Shaw/Lucy Elmina Anthony transcripts retain page numbers assigned for a previous filming. There is little official NAWSA correspondence, though fragments exist on the backs of unrelated documents (see #505). Shaw's work during World War I with the Woman's Committee of the U.S. Council of National Defense is documented in #513-516, and #559. The WCTU correspondence contains references to the death of Frances Willard, as well as arrangements for Shaw speaking engagements.

    The general correspondence, arranged chronologically, pertains to suffrage campaigns and victories, or to capital punishment, and includes invitations to lecture, birthday and get well greetings, etc. There is one folder of poems by others, most dedicated to Shaw, and one of 70th birthday greetings.

    Subseries E, Lucy E. Anthony correspondence (#542-560), is divided into two main parts: correspondence arranged alphabetically by correspondent, and condolences, tributes, etc., about Shaw. Most of the letters in both sections were written after Shaw's death, and are of a personal nature.

    Container List

      • 350. Archival correspondence. Lucy Elmina Anthony with Mary Earhart Dillon re: disposition of Anna Howard Shaw papers, 1942-1944, and 1 fragment from Nicolas Shaw Fraser re: Anna Howard Shaw diaries, 1938
      • 351. Archival notes, 1955
      • 352. Certificates, contracts, etc., 1865-1919 (scattered): Teaching certificates and contracts, 1865-1871; Letters re: preaching license and examinations, 1880; Results of medical school examinations, 1886; Invitation to join National Institute of Social Sciences, 1912; Leaflets, cards re: Story of a Pioneer, ca.1915-1919; Distinguished Service Medal, 1919: transcript, telegram Illinois legislature's resolution re: its ratification of the 19th Amendment, and cover letter, 1919; Bookplate, coat-of-arms, programs, passes, etc.; Card with picture of Anna Howard Shaw house in Moylan, Pa., inscribed by Anna Howard Shaw, n.d.
      • 353. Reminiscences of early childhood, manuscript and typescript transcripts, n.d., with ALS from Mabel Vernon, 1913, and NAWSA form letter, 1911, written on backs of pages
      • 354. "Ordination [of Anna Howard Shaw], by Ray Costello after Ladee told story to her," ts., n.d.
      • 355. Biography of Anna Howard Shaw by Ida Husted Harper. Notes (probably by Ida Husted Harper), annotated typescript.
      • 356. Biography of Anna Howard Shaw by Ida Husted Harper. Draft (typescript carbon copy)
      • 357. Biography of Anna Howard Shaw by Ida Husted Harper. Preliminary draft (typescript carbon copy)
      • 358. Biography of Anna Howard Shaw by Ida Husted Harper. Chapter 16, re: work with Council of National Defense (fragment, manuscript), n.d. Includes correspondence of Anna Howard Shaw with others, 1917.
      • 359. Miscellaneous anecdotes and related information, n.d., most by Lucy Elmina Anthony?
      • 360. Tributes and other biographical material, 1919-1941, 1961. Also programs of memorial services.
        See also #361f+.
      • 361f+. Tributes and other biographical material, 1911-1943 (scattered), n.d.
      • 362. Tributes and other biographical material. By Mary Jewett, typescript, 2 versions, ca.1919
      • 363. Tributes and other biographical material. Anna Howard Shaw Memorial (NAWSA), most printed, 1920-1921, n.d.
      • 364. Tributes and other biographical material. "A Study of the Development of Dr. Anna Howard Shaw - Reformer and Orator," by Jean Marie Eggleston, master's thesis, Northwestern University, 1934
      • 365. Tributes and other biographical material. Photographs: christening of battleship SS Anna Howard Shaw, August 31, 1943.
        See also #558.
      • 366o. Clippings, ca.1882 - June 1919
      • 367. Clippings. Scrapbook, 1913-1915
      • 368o. Clippings, July 1919 - 1943, n.d.
      • 369. Photographs. Portraits of Anna Howard Shaw, ca.1863-1919.
      • 370. Photographs. Informal poses, and with others, ca.1885-1915.
      • 371. Photographs. Anna Howard Shaw with groups, mainly suffrage, ca.1906-1915.
      • 372. Photographs. Landscapes, houses, church, ca.1910.
      • 373f. Photographs. Album: Anna Howard Shaw with others, including Lucy Elmina Anthony; Anna Howard Shaw's houses in Pennsylvania and Florida, ca.1910-1917.
      • 376v. Diaries, 1900.
      • 383v. Diaries, 1908 (fragment)
      • 394v. Appointment books, 1889 - August 1891
      • 395v. Appointment books, September 1891 - February 1893
      • 396v. Appointment books, 1893 [Lucy Elmina Anthony?]
      • 397v. Appointment books, 1893 [Anna Howard Shaw?]
      • 398v. Appointment books, 1894
      • 399v. Appointment books, 1895
      • 400v. Appointment books, 1896
      • 401v. Appointment books, 1897
      • 402v. Appointment books, 1898
      • 403v. Appointment books, 1899
      • 404v. Appointment books, 1900
      • 405v. Appointment books, 1901
      • 406v. Appointment books, 1902
      • 407v. Appointment books, 1903
      • 408v. Appointment books, 1904.
      • 409v. Appointment books, 1905
      • 410v. Appointment books, 1905
      • 411v. Appointment books, 1906
      • 412v. Appointment books, 1907
      • 413v. Appointment books, 1908
      • 414v. Appointment books, 1910
      • 415v. Appointment books, 1911
      • 416. Loose items from #398v, 403v, 405v.
        Filmed with respective volumes.
      • 417. Lecture itinerary, programs and publicity, tributes to Anna Howard Shaw as speaker, ca.1890s-1915
      • 418. Press releases, etc., typescript, ca.1912-1917, n.d.
      • 419. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Sermon No. 1," Ashton, Michigan, 1871 (also delivered in Mass. in 1877, 1883): rough notes
      • 420. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Women in the Ministry," 1879
      • 421. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Influence Versus Power," ca.1886-1892: excerpts in Ohio WCTU leaflet, n.d.
      • 422. By Anna Howard Shaw. "The New Man," ca.1890s
      • 423. By Anna Howard Shaw. "The Fate of Republics," 1892
      • 424. By Anna Howard Shaw. Testimony before United States Senate Select Committee on Woman Suffrage, 1/20/1892
      • 425. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Woman's Right to Suffrage," Chautauqua, New York, 8/8 or 9/1892, printed versions
      • 426. By Anna Howard Shaw. "The White Man's Burden" (fragment), October 1899. Fragments of NAWSA correspondence, 1898-1899, on backs of pages.
      • 427. By Anna Howard Shaw. Acceptance of NAWSA presidency, Washington, D.C., 2/11/1904
      • 428. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Our Ideal," presidential address, NAWSA, Portland, Oregon, at dedication of monument to Sacajawea, fragment, 6/29/1905
      • 429. By Anna Howard Shaw. Presidential address, NAWSA, Baltimore, Maryland, 2/7/1906
      • 430. By Anna Howard Shaw. Re: Susan B. Anthony for memorial service, Rochester, New York, 3/15/1906; also program.
      • 431. By Anna Howard Shaw. Re: Susan B. Anthony, International Woman Suffrage Alliance (IWSA) meeting, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 1906: manuscript drafts, typescript.
      • 432. By Anna Howard Shaw. Re: Denver, n.d. [probably delivered in New York State, ca.1908-1910]
      • 433. By Anna Howard Shaw. Reports of speech re: Dutch bond for woman suffrage, IWSA, Amsterdam, 6/14/1908, and convention program
      • 434. By Anna Howard Shaw. Re: using the vote for the common good [New York suffrage convention?], 1909
      • 435. By Anna Howard Shaw. Letter for Progress, March 1910
      • 436. By Anna Howard Shaw. Presidential address, NAWSA, Washington, D.C., 4/14/1910, and speech re: democracy and freedom
      • 437. By Anna Howard Shaw. Tribute to William Lloyd Garrison, NAWSA convention, Washington, D.C., 4/15/1910
      • 438. By Anna Howard Shaw. Interview re: progress of suffrage movement, 1910
      • 439. By Anna Howard Shaw. Letter to "co-workers," 1910
      • 440. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Is Democracy a Failure?" [New York State woman suffrage convention], 3/2/1911
      • 441. By Anna Howard Shaw. Report of the 6th Congress of the IWSA, with Anna Howard Shaw speech, Stockholm, June 11-17, 1911
      • 442. By Anna Howard Shaw. Testimony before a Pennsylvania commission, Philadelphia, 3/22/1912
      • 443. By Anna Howard Shaw. "If I were President," June 1912 for July McCall's
      • 444. By Anna Howard Shaw. Re: widespread influence of votes for woman suffrage amendments, ca.1912
      • 445. By Anna Howard Shaw. Re: suffrage, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, New York, 1912 or 1913
      • 446. By Anna Howard Shaw. Articles re: militancy, and other suffrage [some by others?] for Trend, 10/10/1913
      • 447. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Working Women and a Living Wage," October or November 1913
      • 448. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Equal Suffrage - Some Results," for Trend, ca.1913
      • 449. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Woman and the Law," National Sunday Magazine, 4/12/1914
      • 450. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Women as Office Holders," typescript sent 5/12/1914 and printed version, "Women as Public Officials," Trend
      • 451. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Woman Suffrage Triumphant in the Eternal City," International Council of Women meeting, Rome, Italy, and report to ICW, 5/13/1914
      • 452. By Anna Howard Shaw. Statements on the marriage service, June 1914, and autograph letter, signed to Louise Earle, 1915
      • 453. By Anna Howard Shaw. Statement re: suffrage for New York City newspapers, 6/16/1914, and letter to the editor, 7/1/1914
      • 454. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Equal Suffrage - A Problem of Political Justice," typescript, and reprint in Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, November 1914
      • 455. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Woman Suffrage and the National Constitution," NAWSA convention, Nashville, Tennessee, November 1914
      • 456. By Anna Howard Shaw. Re: equal suffrage, Tennessee, 1914
      • 457. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Woman Suffrage," Trend, including "Suffrage in the Solid South," by Mary Ware Dennett, 1914
      • 458. By Anna Howard Shaw. "After sixty-one years - VICTORY," re: National Education Association's new support of suffrage, 1914
      • 459. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Democracy and State Rights," 1914?
      • 460. By Anna Howard Shaw. "The Declaration of Independence - 1914, N.Y. Harbor, Statue of Liberty"
      • 461. By Anna Howard Shaw. "War," fragment, ca.1914-1917
      • 462. By Anna Howard Shaw. Sermon outline, ca.1914 or later
      • 463. By Anna Howard Shaw. Testimony before New Jersey legislature, 1/25/1915
      • 464. By Anna Howard Shaw. Re: suffrage, Jefferson Theater, Birmingham, Alabama, typescript and published copy, 4/16/1915
      • 465. By Anna Howard Shaw. Presidential farewell, NAWSA, printed copy and incomplete typescript, December 1915
      • 466. By Anna Howard Shaw. Printed Christmas card, 1915
      • 467. By Anna Howard Shaw. "The Expected Has Happened: Women Are Held Responsible for the Result of the Election," ca.1916
      • 468. By Anna Howard Shaw. Re: suffrage progress, 1916
      • 469. By Anna Howard Shaw. Re: republican form of government, campaign speech, New York, 1917
      • 470. By Anna Howard Shaw. Autobiographical and re: Woman's Committee of Council of National Defense, Temple Univiversity, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, fragment, 1917
      • 471. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Miss Anthony's Birthday," National Suffrage News, February 1917
      • 472. By Anna Howard Shaw. Article re: Woman's Committee of Council of National Defense, for Philippine Review, written in Washington, D.C., 11/13/1917
      • 473. By Anna Howard Shaw. Articles for Creel Bureau: Christmas message, 11/19/1917
      • 474. By Anna Howard Shaw. Article re: necessity of keeping children in school, 12/17/1917
      • 475. By Anna Howard Shaw. Article published as Christmas message, 1917?
      • 476. By Anna Howard Shaw. "A Bit of Bunting," ca.1917, printed remarks
      • 477. By Anna Howard Shaw. Articles for Ladies' Home Journal, 1917-1918
      • 478. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Woman in industries," conference speech re: Woman's Committee of Council of National Defense, printed, 1917 or 1918
      • 479. By Anna Howard Shaw. Re: women's war service, Women's Section, Maryland Council of Defense, Baltimore, Maryland, printed, 1/4/1918
      • 480. By Anna Howard Shaw. Article re: importance of playgrounds, for Creel Bureau, 4/9/1918
      • 481. By Anna Howard Shaw. "The Degradation of Childhood and Womanhood," Win the War for Permanent Peace convention (League to Enforce Peace), 5/16/1918, printed
      • 482. By Anna Howard Shaw. Re: United States Senate defeat of suffrage amendment, and work for 4th Liberty Loan, ca. October 1918
      • 483. By Anna Howard Shaw. Re: feminism, typescript, 1918
      • 484. By Anna Howard Shaw. Quote from testimony of Anna Howard Shaw before War Labor Board on behalf of street car women in Detroit, 1919, and letter from Mary Anderson, 1926
      • 485. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Greetings!" The Woman Citizen, 2/22/1919
      • 486. By Anna Howard Shaw. Excerpts from speech at Fort Worth Equal Suffrage meeting, 4/9/1919 (clipping)
      • 487. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Two New Cabinet Members and an Assistant Secretary of Labor: A Woman," Ladies' Home Journal, April 1919
      • 488. By Anna Howard Shaw. Re: lynching and mobs, National Conference on Lynching, New York City, 5/5/1919, and letter of appreciation from National Conference on Lynching. Also earlier statement on lynching, 3/24/1919.
      • 489. By Anna Howard Shaw. "What the War Meant to Women," printed by League to Enforce Peace, ca. June 1919
      • 490. By Anna Howard Shaw. Re: South Dakota campaign, ca.1890
      • 491. By Anna Howard Shaw. Re: use of vote for reform measures, n.d.
      • 492. By Anna Howard Shaw. "The Economic Value of Woman's Work," n.d.
      • 493. By Anna Howard Shaw. "Re: inadvisability of political party for women, n.d.
      • 494. By Anna Howard Shaw. "The Political Status of Women," n.d.
      • 495. By Anna Howard Shaw. Report of Southern trip, including University of Virginia and Tulane University, n.d.
      • 497. By others. Lady Aberdeen: speech on suffrage in the United Kingdom, delivered in the United States, n.d.
      • 498. By others. Dennett, Mary Ware: report of suffrage hearing before United States House of Representatives Rules Committee, ca.1913
      • 499. By others. Taft, William Howard: speech to NAWSA convention, Nashville, Tennessee, 4/14/1910
      • 500. By others. Wilson, Woodrow: message to women of Europe, June 1918, and memorial of European women to Woodrow Wilson
      • 501. Anna Howard Shaw to "Home Folks," from abroad, autograph letters, signed, 1901, 1904
      • 501af+. Anna Howard Shaw to "Home People and All," from abroad, autograph letter, signed, 7/31/1908
      • 502. Anthony, Lucy E.: from Anna Howard Shaw, 1888-1890
      • 503. Anthony, Lucy E.: from Anna Howard Shaw, 1891-1894
      • 504. Anthony, Lucy E.: from Anna Howard Shaw, 1895-1900
      • 505. Anthony, Lucy E.: from Anna Howard Shaw, November-December 1901, re: travels in Cuba and Jamaica. Also fragments of office correspondence on backs of pages.
      • 506. Anthony, Lucy E.: from Anna Howard Shaw, 1901-1905
      • 507. Anthony, Lucy E.: from Anna Howard Shaw, 1906-1910; includes 1906 program for NAWSA's Susan B. Anthony birthday celebration.
      • 508. Anthony, Lucy E.: from Anna Howard Shaw, 1911-1915
      • 509. Anthony, Lucy E.: from Anna Howard Shaw, 1916-1918
      • 510. Anthony, Lucy E.: from Anna Howard Shaw, 1919
      • 511. Avery, Rachel Foster, 1892-1898. Also 2 autograph letter, signed from Rachel Foster Avery to Mary Ware Dennett, 1913.
      • 512. Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1892-1919, n.d.
      • 513. Council of National Defense. Woman's Committee, 1917
      • 514. Council of National Defense. Woman's Committee, 1918-1919, n.d.
      • 515. Council of National Defense. Woman's Committee. Caroline Reilly, 1918-1919.
        See also #529.
      • 516. Council of National Defense. Woman's Committee. With and re: queens of England and Europe, 1918-1919
      • 517. Crane, Caroline Bartlett ("Julia"): from Anna Howard Shaw, 1918.
        See also #544.
      • 518. Crosset, Mrs. and daughter Juliet C. Kent: from Anna Howard Shaw (ts. copies and excerpts), 1905-1918, n.d.
      • 519. Fawcett, Millicent, 1919
      • 520. Howe, Julia Ward, 2 autograph letters, signed, 1882, 1888
      • 521. League to Enforce Peace, 1919
      • 522. Lorraine, Elizabeth (cousin), with and about, 1905, including Anna Howard Shaw typescript copies to Mrs. Severance, Miss Wills
      • 523. NAWSA. Petitions of appreciation, 1914, and resolution re: non-partisanship
      • 524. NAWSA. Re: Anna Howard Shaw's resignation as president, November-December 1915
      • 525m. NAWSA. Convention badges with Anna Howard Shaw photograph buttons (removed from #524).
        • 525m-1. National Suffrage Convention life member badge. Rectangular, white ribbon with black text, "National Suffrage Convention Life Member." Attached to round button with sepia portrait of Anna Howard Shaw.
        • 525m-2. National Suffrage Convention life member badge. Rectangular, white ribbon with black text, "National Suffrage Convention Life Member." Attached to round button with sepia portrait of Anna Howard Shaw.
      • 526. North Carolina State Normal [and Industrial] College (Greensboro), 1917.
        See also #552.
      • 527. Osburn, Clara A: most Anna Howard Shaw to Clara A. Osburn, 1873-1919. Also Osburn to Anna Howard Shaw, February 1905, and to Miss [Caroline?] Reilly re: Anna Howard Shaw letters, 1926.
      • 528. Osburn(?), Eliza W., 1903-1906
      • 529. Reilly, Caroline I., ca. 1915-1919. Includes Caroline I. Reilly typescript carbon copy to Mary Jewett, and introduction of Anna Howard Shaw by Caroline I. Reilly (typescript carbon copy.), ca. 1917.
        See also #515.
      • 530. Shaw family: typescript copies of letters from father, Thomas Shaw, 1893-1895, and autograph letter, signed from brother James, 1905?
      • 531. Stone, Lucy, 2 autograph letters, signed, 1884, 1888
      • 532. Thomas, M. Carey, 1914?-1919
      • 533. Ward, Lydia Avery Coonley, 1904-1906
      • 534. Willard, Frances, 1888-1892, 1897-1898, n.d.
      • 535. Woman's Christian Temperance Union
      • 536. General correspondence, 1886-1903
      • 537. General correspondence, 1904-1905
      • 538. General correspondence, 1906-1916
      • 539. General correspondence, 1917-1919, n.d.
      • 540. Poems by others, most dedicated to Anna Howard Shaw, 1892-1919, n.d.
      • 541. 70th birthday greetings, 1917
      • 542. Bartol, Emma J., 1900, n.d.
      • 543. Coit, Adela, 1926-1927
      • 544. Crane, Caroline Bartlett ("Julia"), 1919, 1929-1933.
        See also #517.
      • 545. Ivins, Emma, ca.1920-1921
      • 546. Jacobs, Aletta, 1919-1921
      • 547. Jewett, Mary B., 1919-1927
      • 548. Lewis, Katherine Bell, 1915-1925, n.d.
      • 549. Lynch, Mrs. G.H., 1930
      • 550. Manus, Rosa, 1920-1921
      • 551. Mills, Harriet May, 1919
      • 552. North Carolina College for Women (Greensboro), also with Caroline I. Reilly, 1921. Includes photograph of dormitory named for Anna Howard Shaw.
        See also #526.
      • 554. Purdy, I. Marcia, 1926
      • 555. Condolences, memorial tributes re: Anna Howard Shaw, July 1919, n.d.
      • 556. Condolences, memorial tributes re: Anna Howard Shaw, August 1919-July 1920
      • 557. Correspondence of Ida Harper and International Council of Women members re: Anna Howard Shaw's death, 1919-1920
      • 558. Re: launching of SS Anna Howard Shaw, 1943.
        See also #365.
      • 559. Miscellaneous, 1919, 1927, 1941, including printed reports of Woman's Committee of Council of National Defense, 1918, 1920
      • 560. Photograph removed from #552. Filmed with #552.

    Additional Index Terms


    Blacks--Caribbean Area

    Caribbean Area--Description and travel

    Caribbean Area--Social conditions


    Frontier and pioneer life

    Political rights


    Temperance--United States

    Women clergy

    Women orators

    Women physicians

    Women social reformers

    Women--Suffrage--United States

    Women travelers

    World War, 1914-1918--Peace

    World War, 1914-1918--Women

    Addams, Jane, 1860-1935

    Anderson, Mary, 1872-1964

    Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906

    Anthony, Lucy Elmina

    Avery, Susan Look

    Avery, Rachel Foster, 1858-1919

    Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937

    Bartol, Emma J.

    Barton, Clara, 1821-1912

    Blackwell, Henry Browne, 1825-1909

    Bok, Edward William, 1863-1930

    Booth-Tucker, Emmaline, 1860-1903

    Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947

    Coit, Adela

    Crane, Caroline Bartlett, 1858-1935

    Crosset, Ella Hawley

    Cunningham, Minnie Fisher, 1882-1964

    Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947

    Dillon, Mary Earhart, collector

    Fawcett, Millicent Garrett, Dame, 1847-1929

    Fitzgerald, Susan W., 1871-1943

    Fry, Susanna M. D. (Susanna Margaret Davidson), 1841-1920

    Gannett, Mary T. L.

    Gardener, Helen H. (Helen Hamilton), 1853-1925

    Gifford, W. S.

    Harper, Ida Husted, 1851-1931

    Hay, Mary Garrett, 1857-1928

    Hepburn, Katharine Houghton, 1878-1951

    Holley, Marietta, 1836-1926

    Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964

    Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910

    Howland, Emily, 1827-1929

    Howland, Isobel

    International Council of Women

    Ivins, Emma

    Jacobs, Aletta H. (Aletta Henriette), 1854-1929

    Jewett, Mary B., 1858-1928

    Kent, Juliet Crosset, 1880-1949

    Ketcham, Emily B.

    Laidlaw, H. B. (Harriet Burton), 1873-1949

    Lathrop, Julia Clifford, 1858-1932

    League to Enforce Peace (U.S.)

    Lewis, Katherine Bell

    Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905

    Lynch, G. H., Mrs.

    Malone, Maud, 1877-1951

    Manus, Rosette Suzanne, 1881-1942

    Mastin, Florence Ripley, 1886-1968

    McCormick, Katharine Dexter, 1875-1967

    McCormick, Medill, 1877-1925

    McCulloch, Catharine Waugh, 1862-1945

    Mills, Harriet May, 1857-1935

    National American Woman Suffrage Association

    North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College

    North Carolina State College for Women

    Osburn, Clara A.

    Osburn, Eliza W.

    Palmer, Bertha Honoré, 1849-1918

    Pankhurst, Christabel, Dame, 1880-1958

    Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955

    Patterson, Hannah Jane, 1879-1937

    Peabody, George Foster, 1852-1938

    Purdy, I. Marcia

    Reilly, Caroline I.

    Rennes, Catarina van, 1858-1940

    Short, William H. (William Harrison), 1868-1935

    Smith, Ethel M.

    Snowden, Ethel

    Stevens, Lillian M. N.

    Stevenson, Katharine Lente

    Stone, Lucy, 1818-1893

    Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930

    Tarbell, Clara

    Tarbell, Ida M. (Ida Minerva), 1857-1944

    Thomas, M. Carey (Martha Carey), 1857-1935

    United States. Council of National Defense. Woman's Committee

    Villard, Fanny Garrison, 1844-1928

    Ward, Lydia Avery Coonley, 1845-1924

    Wetmore, Maude

    Willard, Frances E. (Frances Elizabeth), 1839-1898

    Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924

    Wise, Stephen Samuel, 1874-1949

    Woman's Christian Temperance Union.

    Woolley, Mary Emma, 1863-1947


    Anna Howard Shaw (1847 – 1919) was a leader of the women’s suffrage movement in the United States. She was born in the U.K., but her family emigrated to the U.S. and settled in Massachusetts when she was four. She was intelligent and ambitious, but continually had career paths closed off to her because of her gender. She persevered, however, and eventually became not only a physician but also one of the first ordained female Methodist ministers in the United States. Because of her experiences, she became an outspoken advocate of political rights for women.

    Anna Howard Shaw

    Shaw first met Susan B. Anthony in 1887. Anthony encouraged her to join the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA), and beginning in 1904 and for the next eleven years, Shaw served as the president of NAWSA.

    During the early 20th century, Alice Paul and Lucy Burns, NAWSA members, began employing “militant” techniques (e.g. picketing the White House during World War I) to fight for women’s suffrage. But Shaw maintained that she was “unalterably opposed to militancy, believing nothing of permanent value has ever been secured by it that could not have been more easily obtained by peaceful methods,” and in 1915, she resigned as NAWSA president and was replaced by her ally Carrie Chapman Catt.

    Anna Howard Shaw with Carrie Chapman Catt in 1917

    She continued to speak out for women’s rights, however, and the speech she delivered on this date at the City Opera House in Ogdenburg, New York iduring the New York State equal suffrage campaign is considered to be one of the top 100 speeches of the Twentieth Century.

    Some of the highlights of her speech:

    If woman’s suffrage is wrong, it is a great wrong; if it is right, it is a profound and fundamental principle, and we all know, if we know what a Republic is, that it is the fundamental principle upon which a Republic must rise. Let us see where we are as a people; how we act here and what we think we are.”

    And God said in the beginning, “It is not good for man to stand alone.” That is why we are here tonight, and that is all that woman’s suffrage means; just to repeat again and again that first declaration of the Divine, “It is not good for man to stand alone,” and so the women of this state are asking that the word “male” shall be stricken out of the Constitution altogether and that the Constitution stand as it ought to have stood in the beginning and as it must before this state is any part of a Republic. Every citizen possessing the necessary qualifications shall be entitled to cast one vote at every election, and have that vote counted. We are not asking as our Anti-Suffrage friends think we are, for any of awful things that we hear will happen if we are allowed to vote; we are simply asking that that government which professes to be a Republic shall be a Republic and not pretend to be what it is not.”

    We have our theories, our beliefs, but as suffragists we have but one belief, but one principle, but one theory and that is the right of a human being to have a voice in the government, under which he or she lives, on that we agree, if on nothing else.”

    You can read the entire speech here.

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